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Important

Massive queues at the polling stations in Chisinau. Thousands of Moldovan Romanians couldn’t exercise their right to vote

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Today, May 26, elections are held for members of Romania in the European Parliament. Thus, Romanian citizens on the territory of the Republic of Moldova were able to vote in the premises of 36 sections. In most of the voting sections of Chisinau, Moldovan Romanians were waiting in enormous queues in order to exercise their right to vote.

Although thousands of Moldovan Romanians are queuing to vote, the Central Electoral Bureau in Chisinau WILL NOT increase the program.

But less fortunate are other Romanians and Moldovans from the diaspora, who will not be able to vote because of outrageously big queues. Furthermore, thousands of Romanian citizens sign an online petition requesting Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu to resign.

Source: Unimedia/Facebook

Rest of the photos: Diana Severin, Ecaterina Alexandr, Aliona Ciurcă, via Ziarul de Garda

Politics

A new option for Moldovan politics? The minority government

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The Socialist Party of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) announced today its support for the President’s initiative to establish a minority government, consisted of apolitical and technocratic people. “In this regard, we will enter into a dialogue with all the deputies and with all the parliamentary factions in order to identify the optimal formula for investing a technocratic Government,” is mentioned in an official statement of PSRM.

President Igor Dodon had consultation meetings with all parliamentary factions representatives, but no consensus was reached between them. “Our proposal is very clear: Maia Sandu – prime minister, the Cabinet of Ministers and Government’s agenda – stays the same. We do not accept any other candidate,” declared Igor Grosu, the representative of the political bloc ACUM after meeting the President.

At the same time, the remaining two parliamentary factions declared they will form no government coalition either, the Democratic Party of Moldova (DPM) stating that it’s not prepared, while the Șor Party saying it won’t participate in the current “simulation games”.

Mutual accusations

“Today, we discovered the unwillingness of the colleagues from the political bloc ACUM to maintain the governing coalition. They categorically rejected the proposal to establish a new government, following the same principles, with the same vision of government, but with new people, elected via consensus. The proposal of ACUM to establish a similar government to the one that was dismissed, with the same prime minister, is ridiculous. It denotes political infantilism and lack of constructive approach. You can’t make the same mistakes twice,” according to the statement.

We cannot reset the Government with exactly the same people who led to the dismissal of the previous one.

On the other hand, Maia Sandu, former Prime Minister of Moldova, said for RFE/RL that, when she assumed the responsibility for amending the Law on the Prosecutor’s Office, she did not imagine “that Igor Dodon would be so irresponsible as to descent the country into chaos, before the 2020 budget approval and before the country obtained additional external financing instalments for the budget”.

Maia Sandu declared that the de-oligarchisation cannot continue without the reform of the General Prosecutor’s Office, which did not have political support.
“We focused on the appointment of an independent General Prosecutor because it was clear that we would not be able to go on with the rest of the reforms related to the Supreme Court of Justice or the cleansing of judiciary,” explained Sandu.

“I was aware that Igor Dodon is afraid of an independent prosecutor and I was aware that they want to stop the implementation of justice reform at this stage or at a later one.”

“The so-called technocrat government, which has no reason to be a technocrat, will be an interests-sharing government between PSRM and DPM. That was what upset PSRM: we did not allow them to get involved in ministries,  we did not allow them to do their schemes or take over those of the DPM (previous government),” stated Sandu in the interview.

No other coalition

PSRM representatives stated that it will not form any coalitions with other parliamentary factions, the only long-term coalition that was possible was between PSRM and ACUM. President Dodon announced he saw “no chance for forming a majority government.”

At the same time, he claims that he does not want snap elections, so if a consensus is not reached, he would submit a candidate to the position of prime minister. Beside the option of creating a majority government, the president took into consideration the option of forming a technocratic government. “Therefore, starting from today we announce that the PSRM faction is moving towards voting a new Government, with the participation of the Presidency and other parliamentary factions,” socialists declared.

Justice reform

In the given circumstances, the future Minister of Justice should announce a new contest for selecting a Prosecutor General, or return to the results of the contest cancelled by the ex-Minister of Justice Olesea Stamate, according to President Dodon.

“The justice reform will be further implemented. No matter what formula will be reached, majority or minority government, I will insist that all recommendations of the Venice Commission would be taken into account and that the justice reform would be implemented exactly as society expects,” said President Dodon.

A new prime minister?

Even though the term of 90 days is long enough, President Dodon already submitted a candidacy for the position of prime minister.  Surprisingly (or not), the newly proposed candidate is Ion Chicu, the counsellor in the legal field and institutional relations, representing the President of the Republic of Moldova in relations with the Parliament and the Government, former Minister of Finance in the Democratic Government led by Pavel Filip.

Igor Dodon has already signed the presidential decree.

“He is a professional, technocratic person, who was not part of any party and could face any challenges. I submitted this application hoping that a professional candidate will be voted,” argued the president.

The head of state warns the MPs that they must take the risk of snap elections, if they do not vote for the candidacy of Ion Chicu: “You will have to assume the expenses and the risks related to snap elections,” he claimed during his second press conference held today.

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Moldovan Government fell as a result of the Parliament’s no-confidence vote – a full picture of events

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Today, October 12th, the government led by Maia Sandu collapsed. The no-confidence motion submitted by the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) in the Parliament was adopted by 63 Members of the Parliament (MPs) – 34 MPs were from the PSRM and 29 deputies from the Democratic Party of Moldova (DPM).

Details about the no-confidence motion here.

The contradictory declarations

Prime Minister Maia Sandu had a speech at the Parliament today, trying to defend the Government’s position.

source: privesc.eu

“Deputies from the Socialist Party build their motion on false accusations about the worsening of the social and economic situation of the country. Why do you lie to people? Where do you see the worsening social and economic situation? The only worsening of the economic situation is for those who have been stopped from corruption schemes. […]

The citizens did not expect miracles in 5 months, they understand and appreciate a responsible government, made up of honest ministers, who came to these functions to make people’s lives better.

The vision of ACUM is known – we want true justice. We want efficient prosecutors and judges who make decisions in the name of law. We want those who stole the billion to go to jail. It’s simple. That is what the whole society wants,” Maia Sandu announced.

“Today, there was not only a betrayal of the Government, but also of every citizen who hoped that justice would soon be done and the life would be better,” Sandu also claimed.


President Igor Dodon made a few declarations in a press conference after the Parliament’s sitting. First of all, Dodon stated that Prime Minister Maia Sandu intentionally caused the fall of the entire Cabinet of Ministers. “Maia Sandu intentionally caused the fall of Government and the crisis of the ruling coalition to distract the citizens’ attention from the inefficient economic and social policies of the last five months. Apart from promises, Maia Sandu was not able to provide any results,” said Igor Dodon.

source: privesc.eu

The head of state declared that he is ready to accept any candidacy for the position of prime minister, proposed by ACUM and PSRM, but he will not accept the candidacy of Maia Sandu again. “If the MPs from ACUM will not accept the dialogue, then their desire to cause snap parliamentary elections, in an extremely difficult period for the Republic of Moldova, becomes evident.”

At the same time, President Dodon invited all parliamentary factions to consultations for the appointment of a new prime minister tomorrow. The president of the country said he could personally submit a candidate for the position of prime minister. The head of state also gave assurances that “the Socialists do not want a coalition with DPM.”

The reactions of Moldova’s international partners

The EU Spokesperson for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, Maja Kocijancic, expressed her concern regarding the situation in the Republic of Moldova in an official statement.

“The vote of no-confidence in the government in the Republic of Moldova over questions concerning the recruitment process of the Prosecutor General sends worrying signals for the reform process in the country.

The coalition had started a number of initiatives to deliver on the key commitments made since June notably in the fields of the fight against corruption, independence of the judiciary and investigation into the banking fraud.

The need for such reforms has not gone away with the voting down of the government.

The European Union’s partnership will remain focused on delivering tangible benefits to the Moldovan citizens. In this spirit, the EU is committed to working with those in the Republic of Moldova who support the reform process that is at the core of our Association Agreement, in particular as regards fighting corruption and vested interests irrespective of the political affiliations, ensuring the independence of the judiciary and de-politicising the state institutions. We will continue to base our relationship with the Republic of Moldova on the principle of conditionality and respect for the rule of law and democratic standards,” is mentioned in the statement.

Dragoș Tudorache, the rapporteur of the European Parliament (EP) for the Republic of Moldova, also made a statement about today’s events in Moldova: “Politicians in the Republic of Moldova should never forget the only objective that matters both now and in the future: the European route of their country. […] Rapid action is therefore needed to provide the necessary assurances that the pro-European route is not derailed in any way. We are waiting for the correct signals that will follow from the negotiations in the coming days and I hope that we will not have any unpleasant surprises from the Moldovan politicians,” the EP rapporteur declared.

The President of Romania, Klaus Iohannis, argued that the socialist approach to dismiss the Government is against the long-term interests of the Republic of Moldova.

“Romania strongly supported the efforts of the Government of Chișinău, given the clear and determined commitment of the government coalition for the European path. […] In this context, Romania’s support, including financial support, will continue to focus on the interests of the citizens of the Republic of Moldova, as well as on the implementation of strategic bilateral projects, being strictly conditioned by the continuation of the essential reforms for the democratic development of the Republic of Moldova and the advancement of its European path,” it is mentioned in the official statement of the Romanian head of state.

What is happening next?

According to the law of the Republic of Moldova, after the MPs have adopted the no-confidence motion against the Executive, prime minister is obliged to submit to the head of state the resignation of the Government within a maximum of three days. The Cabinet of Ministers will be in office until the members of the new Government are appointed.

During the term of his resignation, the Government cannot make foreign policy decisions and is not entitled to legislative initiative.

The president of the Republic of Moldova is obliged to initiate consultations with parliamentary factions to form a new Government.

After consulting the MPs, the president appoints a candidate for the position of prime minister and, within 15 days from the appointment, the candidate requests the confidence vote of the Parliament on the Government’s program of activity, presenting the full list of the Cabinet of Ministers.

The deadline for forming a new Government is three months. If the Government does not get the confidence vote from the Parliament during this period, the legislative is dissolved and snap parliamentary elections are called.

Photo: privesc.eu

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The message of European and American officials for Moldova’s coalition government

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The representatives of the EU delegation in Moldova, the Embassy of Romania, UK, USA and of Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs have sent messages to the running coalition government of the Republic of Moldova in the context of latest developments related to the justice reform in the country. 

Both Prime Minister Maia Sandu and President Igor Dodon met with heads of diplomatic missions of different countries last week and discussed the crisis political situation created between the political bloc ACUM and the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM), which form the coalition government. At the same time, several diplomatic missions and state officials from all over the Europe and USA posted messages on social media, emphasising the need to establish a middle ground and overcome the tense political crisis.

The US Embassy in Moldova had the following message for Moldova’s coalition government:

“The United States supports the efforts of Prime Minister Sandu, President Dodon, and the governing coalition to overcome the current political impasse. Reforms critical to the Republic of Moldova’s democratic development have already been delayed for too long. As a friend of Moldova, we urge the country’s political leaders to quickly reach consensus on a solution that will preserve the path toward justice reform and allow the government to work to improve the lives of all Moldovans.”

The message of the Embassy of Romania in the Republic of Moldova:

“Romania supports the efforts of Prime Minister Maia Sandu and the ruling coalition to overcome the current political deadlock. The reforms are critical to the democratic development of the Republic of Moldova and the maintenance of its European path. As a strategic partner, Romania calls for political responsibility, underlining the need for the political leaders of the Republic of Moldova to quickly identify consensus on a solution that will ensure stability, keep the path to justice reform and allow the Government to improve the lives of all citizens.”

The British Embassy in the Republic of Moldova addressed to the political leaders of Moldova as following:

“As a friend of Moldova with a demonstrable and long-standing record of support for the reform process, the United Kingdom urges the country’s political leaders to reach consensus on a solution which preserves the path towards justice reform and allows the coalition government to continue to work for the benefit of all citizens of the Republic of Moldova. In June 2019, the United Kingdom welcomed the creation of the governing coalition which set a clear agenda of reforms critical to Moldova’s democratic development, including in the important area of judicial reform.”

The Deputy Foreign Minister of Poland Marcin Przydacz also called on reaching a consensus regarding the justice reform in Moldova.

 “Reforms in Moldova must continue. There is a need for consensus on important justice reforms by all stakeholders. We offer full support to these efforts.”

As you can see, consensus is the key word used in all messages addressed to the still existing coalition government.

On Friday, November 8th, PSRM brought a motion of censure in the Parliament against the current Government (ruled by ACUM) after the latter assumed responsibility for amending the Law on Prosecutor’s Office.

Prime Minister Maia Sandu stated that the Government will not withdraw its initiative on assuming responsibility for amending the Law on Prosecutor’s Office, as requested previously by the President of the Republic of Moldova, Igor Dodon.

Photo: gov.md

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