Promo-LEX: Moldova Parliament implemented only 12 out of 32 recommendations of Venice Commission on the electoral system - Moldova.org
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Promo-LEX: Moldova Parliament implemented only 12 out of 32 recommendations of Venice Commission on the electoral system

A report of the Chișinău-based human rights NGO Promo-LEX reads that the Parliament of Moldova implemented little in the new “mixed” electoral system from the recommendations of the Venice Commission (Council of Europe) and the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE).

Promo-LEX found 32 recommendations in the joint opinion of the Venice Commission and the ODIHR from 16 June 2017. Accordingly, 12 (37,5%) of the recommendations were found to be fully implemented by the Moldovan authorities, 14 (43,75%)- partially implemented and 6 (18,75%)- not implemented at all. This report contradicts the Parliament’s synthesis that stipulates the complete implementation of the recommended measures.

Promo-LEX even found some ambiguities in 7 fully adopted recommendations:

  • The questionable “independence” of the National Commission for Uninominal Circumscription Creation;
  • Some errors in drawing some electoral districts without the 10% difference in voter population from the average;
  • The errors in the formation of the electoral districts abroad;
  • The lack of clarity on the criteria defining the electoral districts in the Transnistrian region;
  • The case of the “integrity certificates” for candidates;
  • The non-transparent manner of adopting decisions contrary to the recommendation.

The experts at Promo-LEX believe that the recommendation on a large societal consensus on changing the electoral system has to be paid more attention to, taking into account the limited popularity of the new system.

The report came out in the context of the visit of the experts from the Venice Commission and the ODIHR to evaluate the degree of implementation of the electoral system and their respective recommendations.

According to the new electoral system, 51 MPs would be elected from electoral districts and 50 from party lists. The current edition of the electoral law also stipulates that the electoral districts would be formed by a special Government commission, composed of civil society and political parties’ representatives, as well as representatives of ethnic minorities and expert bodies. The shape of the electoral districts would be published one year before the elections. Voters from Transnistria and from abroad would be represented on the geographical basis, besides their electoral “weight”. 7 electoral debates have been organized to debate the draft on the mixed electoral system, but a large part of the civil society and all opposition parties refused to participate and had little involvement stating that the new system does not address the real problems of the electoral process. The Venice Commission strongly advised the Moldovan authorities not to implement the mixed electoral system at the current moment. The European Union and the United States were disappointed by Moldova Parliament’s decision to disregard Venice Commission, ODIHR recommendations.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

Politics

IRI Survey: 46% of Moldovans would vote for joining the European Union, 36%- Eurasian Union

16 July 2018- The International Republican Institute published a new poll on the social-political opinions of Moldovan people.

The poll reflects increased interest of Moldovans in participating in the next parliamentary elections:

The Moldovans seem to be driven by dissatisfaction with the pace of change:

Here are few of the data of the poll we thought are interesting:

PDF version of the poll:

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Politics

MAE: Romania attaches great importance to Moldova, Georgia, Ukraine’s political association with EU

Romania attaches great importance to speeding up the economic integration and political association of the Republic of Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine with the European Union, Romania’s Foreign Ministry (MAE) quotes Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu as saying at an EU meeting on Monday.

Melescanu attended a meeting of the EU Foreign Affairs Council in Brussels that discussed the Eastern Partnership, and Libya.

“With regard to the Eastern Partnership, the foreign ministers reviewed the latest developments in meeting the 20 concrete results to be achieved by 2020 as set by the European summit of November 24, 2017. Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu reiterated Romania’s support for the consolidation of the Eastern partnership and the EU’s relationship with all the six partner states – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine – in order to implement the reforms and policies of the Agenda 2020 to the direct benefit of the citizens. He underlined the major importance attached by Romania to the further development of additional co-operation ways with the three countries that have concluded association agreements with the EU (Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine) in order to speed up the political association and economic integration of these countries with the European Union, aiming to ensure stability, security and prosperity in the region. He highlighted the priority that will be given to this file under the Romanian presidency of the EU Council in the first half of 2019,” according to MAE.

The meeting offered the ministers the opportunity to address the latest domestic developments in Libya, focusing on political and security levels, as well as migration issues.

Melescanu reiterated Romania’s position on the EU’s efforts to support the UN plan of action to identify an inclusive political solution, sustainable stabilisation and internal security in Libya.

According to MAE, a working lunch allowed for an exchange of views on regional developments in the Korean Peninsula and highlighted the EU’s readiness to support the diplomatic process aimed at denuclearising the peninsula and inter-Korean reconciliation. Melescanu underscored the importance of maintaining a constant commitment of all the players involved in the region to achieve concrete and sustainable results with full, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation.

On the side-lines if the of the FAC meeting, Melescanu had a meeting with EU High Representative for Foreign Policy and Common Security Federica Mogherini, informing about Romania’s interest in adequately marking the 10th anniversary of the Eastern Partnership under the Romanian presidency of the EU Council in the first half of 2019. At the same time, Melescanu highlighted the importance of the support of EU institutions and of the personal involvement of the European official in ensuring that this is a success story.

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Politics

Poll: PSRM- 49%, PPDA – 15%, PDM – 13% and PAS – 11%

Should parliamentary elections be held next Sunday, four parties would pass over the threshold into the legislature. They are PSRM, PPDA, PAS and PDM. This comes out of the latest poll by the Sociologists and Demographers Association from Moldova.

Almost 50% of the respondents with clear voting intentions would cast their ballots for the Socialists Party (49.7%). The number of the Socialists’ voters has slightly dropped, compared to the results of a similar research presented in April (50.5%).

PPDA would come second and would collect 15.9% of the votes of the interviewed. In April, the rating of Andrei Năstase’s party was 8.9%.

The Democratic Party from Moldova would garner 13.5%, compared to 10.7% in April. The ranking of the parties with chances to get into the Parliament is closed by Maia Sandu’s organization. PAS would get 11.1% of the votes from the decided respondents, as compared to 19.3% in the previous poll.

The poll was carried out from June 26 through July 7 on a sample of 1,195 respondents from 81 Moldovan localities. The error margin is +/-3%.

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