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No changes: 5 years passed after Russia was condemned for violating right to education of children in Transnistria

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Source: Facebook.com, Valentin Buda

19 January 2018- Five years passed since the deadline when the Russian Federation had to execute the decision of the European Court for Human Rights in the cases of the children studying in Latin-script schools in Moldova’s Transnistrian region, reports TV8. Accordingly, the human rights NGO “Promo-LEX” says that the children in Transnistria still suffer from Russia’s violations.

On 19 October 2012, the Grand Chamber of the ECtHR condemned Russia for violating the right to education (Article 2, Protocol 1 of ECHR) of children in Transnistria, a breakaway region of Moldova where Russia has nearly direct control of. The Court found that Moldova is responsible for the violations, but also decided that Russia has to pay 1020 thousand euros of moral damage and 50 thousand euros of representation costs to the plaintiffs.

The plaintiffs were citizens of Moldova, residents of the Transnistrian region- primarily parents, teachers, pupils-, who in 2004 and 2006 complained about the violation of the right to education, privacy, and non-discrimination. They were forced to accept education systems imposed by the Russia-backed “Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic” or to leave for Latin script schools instead of the “Moldovan language” (Cyrillic script) ones.

One of the Latin-script schools from Transnistria is the Lyceum “Ștefan cel Mare și Sfânt” from the town of Grigoriopol. Forced to be closed in 2002 by the so-called Transnistrian authorities, the school had to move in the village of Doroțcaia, which is on the territory controlled by the constitutional authorities. There, in Doroțcaia, the pupils could study in Romanian, but then they have to make a daily 20 km trip to and from the school. Promo-LEX estimated that, during the 12 years of study, a pupil travels approximately 43000 kilometers from Grigoriopol to Doroțcaia school, and back. Roughly, a trip from Mozambique to Vladivostok:

Source: Promo-LEX, Salvați Școlile din Transnistria

Until now, 5 promotions of pupils had to go through this trip every day to get to the school.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

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Miroslav Lajčák: “The OSCE and Slovakia are ready to provide the necessary support within the Transnistrian settlement process”

“We need a regulation based on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova, within internationally recognized borders, including a special status for the Transnistrian region.”

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The statement was made today in Chisinau by the OSCE Chairman-in-Office, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Slovakia, Miroslav Lajčák, after his meeting with Foreign and European Integration Minister Tudor Ulianovschi.

In this context, Minister Miroslav Lajčák welcomed the efforts and contribution of the Government of the Republic of Moldova to achieve real results that are beneficial to the citizens.

“I am glad to see that we are seeing a real and tangible process – the bridge is open, the children attend schools with the Latin script, the farmers process their land in Dubasari, the cars circulate with the neutral registration plates. We need to use this “momentum” and grow it continuously,” declared the Bratislava official.

In this context, the Slovak Foreign Minister stressed that “OSCE and Slovakia, as the country holding the presidency, are ready to give all the necessary support.”

“I presented the priorities of the Slovak presidency at the end of last year in Vienna, and today I am in Chisinau. This shows how important Moldova and the Transnistrian settlement process in particular really is to us. We want to focus on the political aspect, but also to help people affected by conflicts. “

Referring to the parliamentary elections in February 2019, Miroslav Lajcak reiterated their importance for the Republic of Moldova, noting that the mission of OSCE observers is already active in our country.

For his part, Minister Tudor Ulianovschi expressed confidence that this year, with joint efforts, there will be efficient cooperation, based on mutual respect, in order to increase the dialogue in the framework of political negotiations and advancement in the Transnistrian settlement process.

During the dialogue, the head of Moldovan diplomacy reiterated the increased interest of the Chisinau authorities regarding the organization by the Slovak Presidency of new rounds of negotiations in the “5 + 2” format.

The official stressed that the Republic of Moldova relies on Slovakia’s support in its efforts to resume talks on the withdrawal of Russian troops from its territory on the OSCE platform and to transform the current peacekeeping operation from the security zone into a civilian international mandate.

Moreover, Minister Tudor Ulianovschi also referred to the need to carry out an international inspection of the Cobasna ammunition depot, which, in the shadow of political discussions, is becoming a growing socio-humanitarian danger for both the Republic of Moldova and the neighboring states.

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Reintegration

Disputes raised at the first meeting of the Joint Control Commission in 2019

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The Unified Control Commission focused its discussions at this year’s first session on the Moldovan delegation’s proposals to develop a Security Zone monitoring mechanism in line with the commitments made under the protocol signed in January 2017.

The refusal of the representatives of Tiraspol to accept this approach has generated fierce disputes between the participants.

The arguments presented by the Moldovan delegation, supported by the representatives of Ukraine, would remove the previously signaled deficiencies and would ensure that the incidents in the Security Zone are not admitted.

The proposal of the Moldovan delegation to train the OSCE Mission to develop such a monitoring mechanism was also rejected.

At the same time, the work of military observers and their reports was addressed, in particular, refusals to sign some reports that do not objectively reflect violations committed in the Security Zone.

The Moldovan delegation reiterated that such situations are caused by the lack of a separate regulation of the Joint Military Command.

As arguments were presented cases in which some military applications deployed in the Security Zone and publicized, including on official sites, are not found in the reports of the military observers (a fact which determined the military representatives of the Republic of Moldova not to target such projects of incomplete acts).

The Chisinau delegation also referred to the long term, during which the parties can not reach a consensus on some important topics.

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Reintegration

A deputy is being prosecuted for $3,500 theft in Transnistria

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Transnistrian Supreme Soviet Deputy Vasili Vlasov is being prosecuted for the embezzlement of public money in particularly high proportions while he was the director of “Tirasteploenergo”. It is about 57,000 of Transnistrian rubles (about 3,500 dollars) that he would have received illegally.

According to the INFOTAG agency, the region’s prosecutor, Anatoliy Guretsky, has asked the Supreme Soviet to agree to the detention, and arrest the former deputy.

Guretsky said that during the investigation, Vlasov actively tried to influence the criminal file by preventing the obtaining of testimonies from other persons.

Vlasov did not come to the Supreme Soviet meeting “because of health problems,” but addressed colleagues with a letter. He states that in the criminal case he was invited by the Committee of Inquiry as a witness and stresses that testimonies have been filed by the official who has the status of the accused.

Examining the prosecutor’s request, the parliamentary commission for mandates, regulation, and ethics of the deputy refused to detain him, but accepted “conducting investigative measures against him” instead.

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