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Why do Moldovans have fewer official holidays but still don’t work more than Germans?

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I am an emigrant. Several years ago, I left my home country – Moldova and, after several changes, I ended up in Germany. No, I am not telling you my life story. You just would need some background information to understand why I decided to call your attention to this sensitive topic.

Every year, I encounter the same situation: a lot of people from Moldova are complaining about too many public holidays in Moldova, empty streets and paralysed public services. Especially during this period: Orthodox Easter Monday (April 29th), Labour Day (May 1st), Memorial Easter (May 6th), Victory Day or Europe day (May 9th) – a reason for one more dissension in the Moldovan society, all of them in just two weeks.

So, in a way, it is understandable why some people are not very happy about it. But are they not happy because of the public holidays’ existence or because of the way things are taken care of during these days?

There are a lot of countries in this world that have more public holidays per year. One of them is Germany. That’s true, one of the most hard-working nations in this world (at least according stereotypes) has slightly more public holidays than we, Moldovans, do. So, does that mean that Germans work less throughout the year? Not necessarily.

Well, let’s take it one by one.

First of all, as compared to the Moldovan people that have 12 public holidays in 2019, Germans, in particular Bavarian people (this is the region where I live in) have 13 officially declared public holidays for the same year. Nonetheless, I never heard that Germans would collectively and continuously complain about that. On the contrary, they love it.

Somehow, they got used to the fact that on national public holidays and on Sundays everything is closed, including the grocery stores. In bigger cities, there is still at least one open grocery store at the central train station. In smaller towns, people have the option of gas stations stores only.

Now imagine how people in Moldova would react if one day the government would decide to implement such a measure and almost all grocery stores would be closed on Sundays. It would be a catastrophe!

Germans learned to plan, to prepare everything in advance. That is one thing that Moldovans need to learn as well.

One more important aspect is that some service industries are still open: public transportation is still punctual, even though, it comes less often, there are enough hotels, cafes and restaurants that provide their services, as well as entertainment and sport institutions like theaters, cinemas, museums, swimming pools, tennis courts and so on, remain open. And of course, the emergency services such as fire, medical, police services are available. People that work in these areas usually receive supplemental pay for working on Sundays and holidays. They understand that their job is important for other people who want to be safe or go out during their free time. At the same time, nobody expects postal services, administrative institutions, fashion shops, travel agencies, family doctors, lawyers to work in these days.

What do I want to actually say through this article? It is not as much about the amount of working time as it is about the efficiency of the effort. It is the government’s job to assure the basic public services during the national public holidays (e.g., public transportation) and it is the people’s job to adapt to the free days setting and plan everything in advance. That refers to Moldovans as well – we should stop complaining and try to be more productive during the working days, so that no frustrations would appear when we have our free days, which are, by the way, not as many as we think.

Politics

A new option for Moldovan politics? The minority government

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The Socialist Party of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) announced today its support for the President’s initiative to establish a minority government, consisted of apolitical and technocratic people. “In this regard, we will enter into a dialogue with all the deputies and with all the parliamentary factions in order to identify the optimal formula for investing a technocratic Government,” is mentioned in an official statement of PSRM.

President Igor Dodon had consultation meetings with all parliamentary factions representatives, but no consensus was reached between them. “Our proposal is very clear: Maia Sandu – prime minister, the Cabinet of Ministers and Government’s agenda – stays the same. We do not accept any other candidate,” declared Igor Grosu, the representative of the political bloc ACUM after meeting the President.

At the same time, the remaining two parliamentary factions declared they will form no government coalition either, the Democratic Party of Moldova (DPM) stating that it’s not prepared, while the Șor Party saying it won’t participate in the current “simulation games”.

Mutual accusations

“Today, we discovered the unwillingness of the colleagues from the political bloc ACUM to maintain the governing coalition. They categorically rejected the proposal to establish a new government, following the same principles, with the same vision of government, but with new people, elected via consensus. The proposal of ACUM to establish a similar government to the one that was dismissed, with the same prime minister, is ridiculous. It denotes political infantilism and lack of constructive approach. You can’t make the same mistakes twice,” according to the PSRM statement.

We cannot reset the Government with exactly the same people who led to the dismissal of the previous one.


On the other hand, Maia Sandu, former Prime Minister of Moldova, said for RFE/RL that, when she assumed the responsibility for amending the Law on the Prosecutor’s Office, she did not imagine “that Igor Dodon would be so irresponsible as to descent the country into chaos, before the 2020 budget approval and before the country obtained additional external financing instalments for the budget”.

Maia Sandu declared that the de-oligarchisation cannot continue without the reform of the General Prosecutor’s Office, which did not have political support.
“We focused on the appointment of an independent General Prosecutor because it was clear that we would not be able to go on with the rest of the reforms related to the Supreme Court of Justice or the cleansing of judiciary,” explained Sandu.

“I was aware that Igor Dodon is afraid of an independent prosecutor and I was aware that they want to stop the implementation of justice reform at this stage or at a later one.”

“The so-called technocrat government, which has no reason to be a technocrat, will be an interests-sharing government between PSRM and DPM. That was what upset PSRM: we did not allow them to get involved in ministries,  we did not allow them to do their schemes or take over those of the DPM (previous government),” stated Sandu in the interview.

No other coalition

The PSRM representatives stated that it will not form any coalitions with other parliamentary factions, the only long-term coalition that was possible was between PSRM and ACUM. President Dodon announced he saw “no chance for forming a majority government.”

At the same time, he claims that he does not want snap elections, so if a consensus is not reached, he would submit a candidate to the position of prime minister. Beside the option of creating a majority government, the president took into consideration the option of forming a technocratic government. “Therefore, starting from today we announce that the PSRM faction is moving towards voting a new Government, with the participation of the Presidency and other parliamentary factions,” socialists declared.

Justice reform

In the given circumstances, the future Minister of Justice should announce a new contest for selecting a Prosecutor General, or return to the results of the contest cancelled by the ex-Minister of Justice Olesea Stamate, according to President Dodon.

“The justice reform will be further implemented. No matter what formula will be reached, majority or minority government, I will insist that all recommendations of the Venice Commission would be taken into account and that the justice reform would be implemented exactly as society expects,” said President Dodon.

A new prime minister?

Even though the term of 90 days is long enough, President Dodon already submitted a candidacy for the position of prime minister.  Surprisingly (or not), the newly proposed candidate is Ion Chicu, the counsellor in the legal field and institutional relations, representing the President of the Republic of Moldova in relations with the Parliament and the Government, former Minister of Finance in the Democratic Government led by Pavel Filip.

Igor Dodon has already signed the presidential decree.

“He is a professional, technocratic person, who was not part of any party and could face any challenges. I submitted this application hoping that a professional candidate will be voted,” argued the president.

The head of state warns the MPs that they must take the risk of snap elections, if they do not vote for the candidacy of Ion Chicu: “You will have to assume the expenses and the risks related to snap elections,” he claimed during his second press conference held today.

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Moldovan Government fell as a result of the Parliament’s no-confidence vote – a full picture of events

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Today, October 12th, the government led by Maia Sandu collapsed. The no-confidence motion submitted by the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) in the Parliament was adopted by 63 Members of the Parliament (MPs) – 34 MPs were from the PSRM and 29 deputies from the Democratic Party of Moldova (DPM).

Details about the no-confidence motion here.

The contradictory declarations

Prime Minister Maia Sandu had a speech at the Parliament today, trying to defend the Government’s position.

source: privesc.eu

“Deputies from the Socialist Party build their motion on false accusations about the worsening of the social and economic situation of the country. Why do you lie to people? Where do you see the worsening social and economic situation? The only worsening of the economic situation is for those who have been stopped from corruption schemes. […]

The citizens did not expect miracles in 5 months, they understand and appreciate a responsible government, made up of honest ministers, who came to these functions to make people’s lives better.

The vision of ACUM is known – we want true justice. We want efficient prosecutors and judges who make decisions in the name of law. We want those who stole the billion to go to jail. It’s simple. That is what the whole society wants,” Maia Sandu announced.

“Today, there was not only a betrayal of the Government, but also of every citizen who hoped that justice would soon be done and the life would be better,” Sandu also claimed.


President Igor Dodon made a few declarations in a press conference after the Parliament’s sitting. First of all, Dodon stated that Prime Minister Maia Sandu intentionally caused the fall of the entire Cabinet of Ministers. “Maia Sandu intentionally caused the fall of Government and the crisis of the ruling coalition to distract the citizens’ attention from the inefficient economic and social policies of the last five months. Apart from promises, Maia Sandu was not able to provide any results,” said Igor Dodon.

source: privesc.eu

The head of state declared that he is ready to accept any candidacy for the position of prime minister, proposed by ACUM and PSRM, but he will not accept the candidacy of Maia Sandu again. “If the MPs from ACUM will not accept the dialogue, then their desire to cause snap parliamentary elections, in an extremely difficult period for the Republic of Moldova, becomes evident.”

At the same time, President Dodon invited all parliamentary factions to consultations for the appointment of a new prime minister tomorrow. The president of the country said he could personally submit a candidate for the position of prime minister. The head of state also gave assurances that “the Socialists do not want a coalition with DPM.”

The reactions of Moldova’s international partners

The EU Spokesperson for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, Maja Kocijancic, expressed her concern regarding the situation in the Republic of Moldova in an official statement.

“The vote of no-confidence in the government in the Republic of Moldova over questions concerning the recruitment process of the Prosecutor General sends worrying signals for the reform process in the country.

The coalition had started a number of initiatives to deliver on the key commitments made since June notably in the fields of the fight against corruption, independence of the judiciary and investigation into the banking fraud.

The need for such reforms has not gone away with the voting down of the government.

The European Union’s partnership will remain focused on delivering tangible benefits to the Moldovan citizens. In this spirit, the EU is committed to working with those in the Republic of Moldova who support the reform process that is at the core of our Association Agreement, in particular as regards fighting corruption and vested interests irrespective of the political affiliations, ensuring the independence of the judiciary and de-politicising the state institutions. We will continue to base our relationship with the Republic of Moldova on the principle of conditionality and respect for the rule of law and democratic standards,” is mentioned in the statement.

Dragoș Tudorache, the rapporteur of the European Parliament (EP) for the Republic of Moldova, also made a statement about today’s events in Moldova: “Politicians in the Republic of Moldova should never forget the only objective that matters both now and in the future: the European route of their country. […] Rapid action is therefore needed to provide the necessary assurances that the pro-European route is not derailed in any way. We are waiting for the correct signals that will follow from the negotiations in the coming days and I hope that we will not have any unpleasant surprises from the Moldovan politicians,” the EP rapporteur declared.

The President of Romania, Klaus Iohannis, argued that the socialist approach to dismiss the Government is against the long-term interests of the Republic of Moldova.

“Romania strongly supported the efforts of the Government of Chișinău, given the clear and determined commitment of the government coalition for the European path. […] In this context, Romania’s support, including financial support, will continue to focus on the interests of the citizens of the Republic of Moldova, as well as on the implementation of strategic bilateral projects, being strictly conditioned by the continuation of the essential reforms for the democratic development of the Republic of Moldova and the advancement of its European path,” it is mentioned in the official statement of the Romanian head of state.

What is happening next?

According to the law of the Republic of Moldova, after the MPs have adopted the no-confidence motion against the Executive, prime minister is obliged to submit to the head of state the resignation of the Government within a maximum of three days. The Cabinet of Ministers will be in office until the members of the new Government are appointed.

During the term of his resignation, the Government cannot make foreign policy decisions and is not entitled to legislative initiative.

The president of the Republic of Moldova is obliged to initiate consultations with parliamentary factions to form a new Government.

After consulting the MPs, the president appoints a candidate for the position of prime minister and, within 15 days from the appointment, the candidate requests the confidence vote of the Parliament on the Government’s program of activity, presenting the full list of the Cabinet of Ministers.

The deadline for forming a new Government is three months. If the Government does not get the confidence vote from the Parliament during this period, the legislative is dissolved and snap parliamentary elections are called.

Photo: privesc.eu

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Politics

PSRM brought a no-confidence motion in the Parliament criticising the Government. What’s next?

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Just a few hours ago, the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) brought a no-confidence motion in the Parliament criticising the Government handling of the justice reform, namely the amendments to the Law on Prosecutor’s Office presented to legislature by the political bloc ACUM. 

The discussions in the Parliament

The socialists declared that the amendments proposed by ACUM endangers the independence of the prosecutor’s office and the independence of the justice.

“Maia Sandu ignored all good practices regarding the appointment of an independent prosecutor, ignored the constitution of the country and the opinion of the Venice Commission, preferring not to wait,” said the PSRM member Vasile Bolea.

On the other hand, Prime Minister Maia Sandu gave a speech in front of Members of the Parliament (MPs), in which she argued the position of ACUM regarding the amendment to the Law on Prosecutor’s Office, stating that this is the best solution for selecting an independent prosecutor general.

“We made some compromises. We did it to achieve the main objective – an independent prosecutor’s office, a fair justice. The fight for the prosecutor general is the red line.[…] Moldova has gone through several justice reforms. […] And yet the good intentions did not produce a result, being neutralised by hidden political interests. […] I decided to proceed differently. I assume the political responsibility for the process of identifying candidates for the position of prosecutor general. I will personally identify and verify honest, brave and well-intended people and propose them to the Superior Council of Prosecutors.

In this respect, I am encouraged by the position of the Venice Commission, expressed in other similar situations, according to which the selection of the prosecutor general must be done in such a way as to obtain the public’s confidence, and the selection of the prosecutor general with the involvement of the executive and legislative powers would offer more democratic legitimacy of this procedure.

Therefore, according to the Venice Commission, it is reasonable for a government to want to participate in the selection process of the prosecutor general on the grounds that the fight against corruption is crucial for the proper functioning of the state institutions,” stated Maia Sandu.

After that, the secretary of the PSRM faction, Vasile Bolea, submitted a no-confidence motion in the Parliament, expressing the withdrawal of the confidence granted to the Sandu Government.

The President’s declarations

President Igor Dodon still hopes that ACUM will withdraw the initiative, by which the Executive has assumed responsibility for amendments to the Law on the Prosecutor’s Office.

“There is still a few days for the unconstitutional initiative to be withdrawn. There is still room for reflections and understanding by ACUM that the prosecutor general cannot be politically subordinated, and the coalition should not be sacrificed on the altar of personal ambitions,” Igor Dodon wrote on Facebook after the Socialist faction submitted the no-confidence motion against the Government in the Parliament.

According to the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, the prosecutor general is appointed by the President of the Republic of Moldova, at the proposal of the Superior Council of Prosecutors (SCP), for a term of 7 years, which cannot be renewed.

The amendments proposed by ACUM include selection by the prime minister, according to the approved procedure, of at least two candidates for the position of prosecutor general and submission of the list to the SCP. Next, the SCP would select one candidate from the list and would propose him/her to the president.

What’s next?

The Permanent Bureau of the Parliament will meet within the next three working days to decide when the next plenary session will be held, at which the no-confidence motion will be examined.

As following, the motion will be debated and voted. It is considered adopted with the vote of the majority of MPs (51). Thus, given that PSRM has 36 MPs, it must be voted by other factions as well. There is a great probability that the motion will be voted by the Democratic Party MPs and/or by Șor Party MPs.

In case the no-confidence motion is adopted,  the prime minister will submit to the President the resignation of the Government within a maximum of 3 days. If the no-confidence motion is rejected, the deputies who signed it will not be able to initiate, at the same session, a new motion for the same reason.

Protest in front of the Parliament

People have united in a protest to support the Sandu Government in front of the Parliament. They gathered and demanded a fair justice. The protesters came up with placards where it was written: “I support the Sandu Government”, “Checkmate – assumed prosecutor” “Independent prosecutor supported by the Parliament” and “It’s a must to have a fair prosecutor”.

source: TV8

source: TV8

Photo: privesc.eu

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