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Moldova ranked 62nd out of 130 in the Human Capital Index

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The Republic of Moldova was placed on the 62nd place (out of 130) in the Human Capital Index published by the World Economic Forum. It received the general score of 62,29, situated above the average.

The highest score was attained at the Capacity level- 72,2 (52nd place)-, because of the above-average literacy and numeracy rate, as well as the secondary education attainment rate- up to 82,4% in the 25-54 age group.

The Deployment scored at 64,5 (72nd place) because of low labor force participation rate (56,8% for 25-54 age group), no significant employment gender gaps (lowest ration of employed women to men- 0,69) and relatively low unemployment and underemployment rates.

In terms of Development of Human Capital, Moldova excels at enrollment rates for primary and secondary education but shows lack of quality of primary schools. Surprisingly for Moldova, the graduates of Moldovan tertiary and vocational education seem to reach a certain level of skill diversity, but still under the global average- scored 88, but ranked 74th.

Speaking of know-how, Moldova does not have high-skilled employment share (19,1%- 73rd place), compared to the medium-skilled employment share- 91,6%. Moreover, looking at the complexity of exported goods, Moldova’s economic complexity scores low (48 points), somewhere between Vietnam and Mauritius.

Nonetheless, the Human Capital Index reveals some other features of the Moldovan human capital:

  • 7,5% of the GDP is spent on education;
  • 33,6% of the working-age population is covered by the pension scheme;
  • an average worker has a yearly output of $12279;
  • 27,8% of young people are not in employment, education or training;
  • the labor force participation rate is 43,3%;
  • the unemployment rate is 4,1% etc.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

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Politics

Maia Sandu about the BPO Survey: “There are many people who have not made a decision yet. We will fight for gaining their support.”

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The leader of the Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS), Maia Sandu, recently gave an interview for Europa Libera, commenting the results of the last Barometer of Public Opinion (BPO) survey published by the Institute for Public Policy (IPP). “As we already announced the intention of creating the bloc ACUM formed of the Party of Action and Solidarity, the Dignity and Truth Platform Party (DTPP), and members of civil society, we would have liked to see the overall results for the entire bloc,” mentioned Sandu.

She expressed her hope and optimism that people who have not yet made a decision could be convinced: “We will continue to fight for the ‘hearts’ of these people. We will try to explain them the situation through the few ways we have at our disposal, so that they can offer their support at the elections.” According to the BPO poll, 29% of the respondents still don’t know for whom they will vote at the future elections.

Maia Sandu stated that it is very hard to take any action when the equal access to media is not guaranteed. “Recently, I saw an attempt of the current government to publish fake news as political advertising in reputable newspapers, as well as in local newspapers,” said the PAS leader. She mentioned that, together with the DTP Party, they are determined to work a lot to make themselves heard by as many people as possible.

“In November we went to all the regions in the country, we visited many villages where we talked to people and asked them to help us fight all this fake news.”

When asked about the reason why people express less and less desire to vote, Maia Sandu highlighted the possible strategy of the Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM), which is in power nowadays: “They want to introduce mistrust and confusion in the society and cause most people not to vote. If people don’t vote, the same politicians will stay in the government of the Republic of Moldova. They are aware that a greater presence at the election in February would increase our chances,” declared Sandu.

“We have to be ready to defend our rights as the only real opposition in the Republic of Moldova at the moment. Removing the opposition from these elections would mean miming them. So, our eventual exclusion from the campaign would automatically mean the non-recognition of the parliamentary election by the international community,” states Maia Sandu when asked about this matter.

Moreover, Maia Sandu claimed that no dialogue between the ruling political parties (DPM and PSRM) and the opposition is possible neither before the parliamentary elections in February 2019 nor after them. “The government has shown many times what its true intentions are. None of our proposals has ever been accepted, but all that this government does is transforming this election into something far from being called free and fair,” said Maia Sandu.

Featured photo source: ipn.md

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Moldova excludes invitations for visas for citizens from India, Nepal and Sri Lanka

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Citizens of India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka will no longer need invitations to complete the entry visa in the Republic of Moldova.

Today, the government has approved a ruling in this regard.

The new provisions aim to increase the number of tourists visiting the Republic of Moldova, but also to increase the investment attractiveness of our country for important global players such as India.

India’s economy is the second largest in the world after gross domestic product, and last year the country registered an economic growth of 7.1%.

Over the last two years, 3178 crossings of the Republic of Moldova have been registered by the citizens of the Republic of India. At the same time, our country was crossed by 147 Nepalese citizens and 93 citizens of Sri Lanka during this period.

At present, citizens from 100 countries can travel to the Republic of Moldova without visas. Citizens in 57 states are set up the visa regime and citizens from 35 countries need an invitation to open a visa in our country.

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Society

Separation, uncertainty and melancholy about the past – the main characteristics of the Moldovan population

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The Moldovans are still nostalgic about the USSR. When asked if they regret the dissolution of the USSR, 49.1% of people said they regret it, 25.7% couldn’t evaluate it and 21.1% said they don’t feel any nostalgia regarding this matter. Thus, almost half of the respondents would like to turn back the USSR times. At least this is shown by the Barometer of Public Opinion survey, managed by the Institute for Public Policy and performed by the Centre of Sociological Investigations and Marketing CBS AXA.

Moreover, if a referendum took place next Sunday for the Republic of Moldova to become a part of the (non-existent) Soviet Union again, 40.1% of the survey participants said they would vote for, 27.1% would vote against, and the rest said they didn’t decide or wouldn’t participate. This probably comes from the preponderant positive attitude of the Moldovan people towards the communist regime that existed in the Republic of Moldova between 1940 and 1990. 47.1% of the 1115 respondents have a positive attitude, 23.8% a negative one, and 29.1% are indifferent.

The political expert Victor Ciobanu explained the relationship between the category of people that still feel nostalgic about the Soviet Union and the political preferences expressed at the election:

“There is a well-established left-wing electorate in the Republic of Moldova that passed from the Party of Communists to the Party of Socialists. The heavy influence of the Soviet Union myth reflects on the voting preference of this category of population. If there weren’t the current left-wing parties, others would take their place and would exploit the perceptions of these people, becoming very popular.”

In the same time, the survey respondents reveal a disapproval regarding the way the things are going in Moldova. The big majority of them consider that Moldova goes in the wrong direction (72.7%). However, they seem indecisive and have divided opinions. At an eventual referendum, 36.5% of respondents would vote for joining the EU, while for joining the Eurasian Economic Union would vote 29.5%, and the rest wouldn’t participate or don’t know yet.

The Republic of Moldova is still governed by traditionalist values. People place a high level of trust in the church, the town hall and the mass media. On the other hand, they are very sceptical about the political parties, parliament, and the court system. 53.4 % of Moldovans are “not interested at all” or “are interested just a little” in politics.

The most important sources of information for the Moldovan people that were questioned in the survey are: TV – 78% and internet – 46%. There is a growth trend in the number of people that use internet for informing themselves, to the detriment of the TV and radio. Yet, the quality of the received information can’t be verified, since the respondents named two social media websites as the most used online source of information: Facebook – 78% and Odnoklasniki – 59%.

The traditionalist values, the high level of poverty and the misinformation through the mass media tools could represent the background of the scepticism, disparity and the sorrow of the past. According to the mentioned survey, the biggest concerns of the people that live in Moldova are the rising prices, the future of their children, poverty, unemployment rate and corruption.

When asked to evaluate their families’ level of income, Moldovans said that the resources they have are not even enough for the basic needs (30.8%) or are at the limit of the basic needs (42.2%). The statistical data from the National Bureau of Statistics show that in 2017 the rate of the population that had a level of income that didn’t cover basic needs was about 8%. Therefore, the population and the government’s perception regarding the necessary amount of money for the minimum consumption is certainly contrasting.

When referring to the personal investments, people are very reticent as well. Only 8.2% of the respondents have some savings and intend to invest them or already did that. The rest either don’t have savings, don’t know how or don’t want to invest them.

The Moldovan citizens consider the change of the government and fighting corruption the main measures that could be taken in order to improve the current economic and social situation.

Featured image source: sputnik.md

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