Connect with us
"
"

Politics

Moldova has a new Government: Ion Chicu is the prime minister of the country

Published

on

Things are happening in Moldova from one day to the next. The Government headed by Ion Chicu, the adviser of President Igor Dodon and former Minister of Finance in the Government led by the democrat Pavel Filip, obtained the confidence vote of the Parliament.

Members of the Parliament (MPs) representing the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM), the Democratic Party of Moldova (DPM) and one independent MP, in total 62 voters, supported the Cabinet of Ministers proposed by President Dodon. The members of the political bloc ACUM left the room before the voting procedure, while the MPs from the Șor  Political Party abstained.

Ion Chicu, Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova |Source: privesc.eu

Today, the newly voted Cabinet of Ministers already managed to attend the ceremony of taking the oath of office.

“The Republic of Moldova has obtained a technocratic Government that is committed to solving the state’s problems. I thank the president for bringing me into this position,” said Prime Minister Ion Chicu.

Shortly after the new Government was instituted, the Executive’s website has been updated with the names of Prime Minister Ion Chicu and of the other members of the Cabinet.

Beside Prime Minister Ion Chicu, there are five more advisers to the head of state who are Ministers in the new Cabinet, as well as the PSRM lawyer. They are as following:

  • Victor Gaiciuc – adviser to President Dodon in the field of national defence and security, secretary to the Supreme Security Council;
  • Ion Perju – adviser to President Dodon in the field of agribusiness and public administration;
  • Corneliu Popovici – adviser to President Dodon in the field of education, culture and research;
  • Viorica Dumbrăveanu – adviser to President Dodon in the field of social development;
  • Aureliu Ciocoi – adviser to President Dodon in the field of foreign policy;
  • Fadei Nagacevschi – the lawyer of PSRM.

Source: privesc.eu

Therefore, as being confirmed by the political experts, it became clear that the new Government is more or less (rather more) connected with PSRM.

“It is difficult to qualify the new government as technocratic, because the future ministers, even if they are not party members, have very close relations with the Presidency and with socialists (PSRM) respectively, but also with DPM,” stated Dionis Cenuşă, associate expert at the Independent Analytical Centre ‘Expert Group’.

“It is clear that the government will strengthen the position of Igor Dodon and that of the Presidency,” claimed Ion Tăbârță, political expert at IDIS Viitorul.

“A technocratic government means that ministers are non-party figures. In this case, President Dodon is trying to prove that a technocratic government is formed of ministers who are not members of the party, but who, at the same time, are part of the president’s team. […] In these circumstances, I would say that this Government is only half technocratic,” said Victor Juc, the director of the Institute of Legal, Political and Sociological Sciences within the Academy of Sciences of Moldova.

The candidacy of Ion Chicu was proposed by President Dodon after the members of the bloc ACUM declared that they will not propose and will not accept another candidacy for the position of prime minister, other than the one of the ACUM leader and already former Prime Minister, Maia Sandu.

Photo: privesc.eu

Politics

Moldova in the last decade// the most prominent political fiascoes the country experienced

Published

on

The decisions taken by the Constitutional Court, the expulsion of Turkish teachers, the adoption of the mixed electoral system, the president removed from office “for 5 minutes”, the lack of Government or the doubled Government – there were so many failures in the Moldovan politics in the last 10 years, that it’s hard to count them.

During the last ten years, the citizens of the country have witnessed many changes of the political and state institutions. Moldova.org selected the most relevant events. Here is where we can remember the saying “Every nation has the leaders it deserves.”

1  Decisions of the Constitutional Court from 7 to 9 June 2019

The Constitutional Court of Moldova (CC) announced, on June 7, that the deadline for the Parliament, which was elected on February 24 and validated on March 9, to appoint the new Government expired. The CC calculated that the constitutional term of “three months” provided for the formation of the Government actually means “90 days” and that it expired on June 7, not on June 9. The next day, the political bloc ACUM and the PSRM signed a temporary agreement for the formation of a majority government, Zinaida Greceanii being voted the president of the Parliament and Maia Sandu being appointed the head of the Government.

Immediately thereafter, the CC declared all the laws and decisions adopted by the new Parliament as unconstitutional. On June 9, the Constitutional Court decided to remove President Igor Dodon from office and appointed Pavel Filip as the interim president. After the Democratic Party announced its power withdrawal, on June 15, the CC cancelled its own previously taken decisions.

The Venice Commission published an opinion, stating that the CC violated its own procedures when taking the respective decisions, but also the principle of impartiality towards the political parties. The Commission recalled that the Court’s role is to be equidistant and to act as an impartial arbitrator in the event of a confrontation between political parties.

2 The period of two Governments

Between June 8-15, 2019, the Republic of Moldova had two Governments – the Government appointed by the newly formed majority government, led by Maia Sandu and the previous Government who still remained in power, according to the decision of the CC. Pavel Filip, the so-called interim president, announced the dissolution of the Parliament and the date of future snap elections.

The newly elected Parliament had its first session in the dark, as the technical employees of the building did not come to work that day. The democrats stated that they did’t recognise the new Government and didn’t intend to give up the power. The democrats’ leader Vladimir Plahotniuc accused the socialists of trying to usurp power. A week later, the Democratic Party decided to give up the power in favour of the Government appointed by the ACUM and socialists’ majority.

3 Clandestine interceptions’ scandal

A RISE Moldova investigation has discovered an entire operation of intercepting and chasing the political opponents of the democratic government, which has been carried out in recent years. The operation was carried out under cover of three criminal cases, filed because of inconvenient Facebook messages or statements at press conferences. As a result, it was established that the activities of 52 people, including politicians, representatives of civil society, organisations representatives and journalists, were investigated by prosecutors and police officers.

After coming to power, the ACUM representatives declared that the number of people chased by the former government was much higher. In addition to intercepting phone calls, some of them have also been monitored, as microphones and video cameras were installed in their houses. President Igor Dodon claimed that, in 2018, there were 10 thousand interceptions, out of which 600 at the request of the Information and Security Service (ISS), and 3 300 interception in 2019, out of which 200 were initiated at the request of ISS. Most interceptions were initiated by the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA). Based on the interception scandal, criminal cases were filed against four MIA employees, three prosecutors and four judges.

4 Camouflaged expulsion of Turkish teachers

On September 6, 2018, seven Turkish citizens who were teachers at Horizon High School, were removed from their homes by employees of the ISS and taken in an unknown direction. The state institutions declared the action as “expulsion”, saying that the Turkish nationals were suspected of links with an Islamist group. They have been declared undesirable by the competent bodies and expelled from the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

The Turkish citizens were taken to Turkey by a charter plane and were sentenced to years of imprisonment. Immediately after the expulsion operation, European officials asked the Moldovan authorities “to comply with the rule of law and all judicial procedures” in this case. On June 11, 2019, the European Court of Human Rights issued a conclusion stating that Moldova violated the rights of Turkish citizens and required the government to pay 25 thousand euros for each of the Turkish citizens, whose rights were violated.

5 Cancellation of Andrei Nastase mayoral mandate

In June 2018, the Chișinău District Court cancelled the results of the snap local elections for the mayoral seat of the capital city. The elections were won by the Dignity and Truth Platform Party leader, Andrei Năstase. His mandate was not validated on the grounds that he would have campaigned on social media on the day before elections. Andrei Năstase addressed voters on Facebook and advised them to participate in the vote.

The decision was heavily criticised by local experts, ambassadors and representatives of international forums. The decision remained in force and after being challenged in the higher courts. After one year and three months, the mandate of Andrei Năstase was validated. By that moment other local elections were organised and his rival, socialist Ion Ceban won the mayor seat.

6 The Citizenship by Investments Law


Also in 2018, the Parliament adopted the law on granting citizenship by investments – a mechanism by which foreign citizens could obtain citizenship of the Republic of Moldova. “The Law on Citizenship by Investments of the Republic of Moldova is one of the projects that created favourable conditions for international money laundering,” Transparency International-Moldova states in a report. Such models for granting citizenship are criticized by European officials, and some countries have already given up these programs. In the summer of 2019, the Government instituted a moratorium on this law for a period of four months.

7 The president removed from power “for 5 minutes”

In 2017, the Constitutional Court decided that the president’s refusal to carry out his constitutional duties in appointing a minister represented “a temporary impossibility to exercise his duties” and justified assigning the president of the Parliament or the prime minister as the interim head of state. In other words, the CC decided that the president Igor Dodon had no veto in appointing a minister, and the signature of the head of state on the confirmation decree is only a formal one.

In the period of 2017 to 2018, Igor Dodon was temporarily removed from office for five times, and the respective decrees were signed by the President of the Parliament Andrian Candu. The removal for “five minutes” became a joke of the representatives of civil society and experts who stated that Igor Dodon may claim to be included in the Guinness Book of Records. In December 2018, Igor Dodon stated that he had called for protest in case another removal from power would have taken place.

8 The adoption of the mixed electoral system

In the summer of 2017, the Parliament adopted the law on the mixed voting system. It provided that 50 deputies would be elected on party lists, and 51 – directly by citizens, in single-seat constituencies. The mixed voting system was adopted by the socialists, democrats and popular-Europeans and has been criticised by the Venice Commission, the European Union, the United States and by the political opposition.

After the formation of the new majority government, the Parliament adopted, in the summer of 2019, the return to the proportional representation system, cancelling the mixed voting system.

9 The appointment of the Government led by Pavel Filip

On January 20, 2016, the Parliament where the democrats held the majority, granted a vote of confidence to the candidate Pavel Filip and his Cabinet of Ministers. At that time, neither the draft Government activity program, nor the list of proposed Government members had been made public. The new Government was voted in a session that lasted about 30 minutes, in which the designated PM held a speech for 8 minutes and, in another 2 minutes, presented the Executive’s list. The discussions and debates were omitted.

Moreover, the procedure for taking the oath by the members of the Government also took place on January 20, secretly, at midnight. Thousands of protesters surrounded Parliament, calling for snap parliamentary elections. Subsequently, the protesters entered the Parliament building forcefully, and altercations took place.

10 Ilan Șor became the mayor of Orhei

Being criminally investigated in the “Theft of the century” case and being arrested at home, on June 14, 2015, Ilan Shor won the mayoral elections with 61.97% of the votes. Political analysts described his involvement in politics as an intention to escape house detention.

In 2017, he was sentenced by the first court to 7 and a half years in prison. Despite the accusations, Ilan Șor pleaded not guilty and continued his political activity . Moreover, he also obtained a mandate as a member of the Parliament. In 2019, he received the certificate of integrity to run for parliamentary elections. Later on, Ilan Şor left the country despite the court ban, after the democrats’ power withdrawal.

11 The theft of the century


In 2014, the Republic of Moldova became the scene of an international scandal, following a fraudulent scheme of 1 billion withdrawal from 3 saving banks from Moldova. To save the situation, two governments (led by Iurie Leancă and Chiril Gaburici) took decisions to grant state guarantees for covering the hole in the banking system. To investigate the case, Kroll company was invited.

At the initiative of the political bloc ACUM, a new parliamentary commission was created in order to investigate the banking fraud. It’s conclusions were that the amount of damage could be much higher than initially stated and that the main beneficiaries of the bank robbery were the Vladimir Plahotniuc, Ilan Șor and Vladimir Filat groups.

12 The stolen billion has to be paid by Moldovan citizens in the next 21 years


In 2016, the Government led by Pavel Filip decided to convert the emergency loans, amounting to 13.5 billion Moldovan lei, transferred by the National Bank of Moldova to three affected by the robbery banks, into state debt. Therefore, the citizens of Moldova would have to return in the next 25 years about 21 billion Moldovan lei (including the interest for the emergency loans). It was calculated that every child born in the Republic of Moldova would owe the state 4000 lei (182 euros) from the first day of his life.

13 No president, for almost three years

In 2009, when the former head of state Vladimir Voronin announced his resignation, the Parliament tried twice, but without success, to elect the democratic leader Marian Lupu to this position. In November 2010, due to Parliament’s inability to elect the head of state, snap parliamentary elections were held again. Finally, in March 2012 the candidacy of the former president of the Superior Council of Magistracy, Nicolae Timofti, was voted to be the president. Therefore, the constitutional crisis lasted for about two and a half years (from September 2009 to March 2012).

This text is a translation. The original article can be found here.

Photo: privesc.eu

Continue Reading

Opinion

Ludovic Orban about the Government of Moldova: “Everything that recently happened in Moldova represents a devolution that worries us.”

Published

on

Romania’s Prime Minister Ludovic Orban declared in a press conference yesterday, as he paid an official visit to Brussels, that what happened in the Republic of Moldova after the Government led by Maia Sandu fell is a “devolution”, urging European officials “to look at this situation with maximum circumspection and exigency,” as he is cited by a Romanian news outlet.

“Everything that has recently happened in the Republic of Moldova represents a devolution, which worries us, and, from our point of view, the current Government can’t be considered a trustworthy partner.”

Ludovic Orban met with the European Commissioner for Neighbourhood and Enlargement, Oliver Varhelyi, but also with other European officials and transmitted a message to them.

The Romanian PM called for maximum circumspection regarding what happens in the Republic of Moldova. “I expressed my position to both the Commissioner for Enlargement and other European officials. I told them to to look with maximum circumspection and with maximum exigency to everything that happens in the Republic of Moldova and, basically, if the commitments that have been made regarding the European orientation of the country are not respected, the European Union, the European Commission should react accordingly,” added Ludovic Orban.

“In the context of discussions with the Neighbourhood Commission official, the Prime Minister of Romania also referred to the recent developments in the Republic of Moldova, expressing support for a strict and conditional approach from the European Union, which will allow the continuation of internal reforms, especially those of judiciary, for the benefit of the citizens of the Republic of Moldova,” it is also mentioned in a press release published on the official page of the Government of Romania.

Photo: Facebook/Ludovic Orban

Continue Reading

Politics

Documents on judicial reform in Moldova were to be sent to the Council of Europe

Published

on

The Government announced that, on  January 3rd, a set of documents reporting the progress of the judicial reform in the Republic of Moldova were to be send for an expertise to the Council of Europe. This was announced by Prime Minister Ion Chicu at the meeting of the cabinet of ministers, as IPN reported.

The set of documents includes three elements: the strategy for ensuring the independence and integrity of the judiciary for the period 2020-2023, the action plan for implementing the strategy and the draft law on the evaluation of judges.

“Our promise was that we will submit these fundamental documents for the judicial reform by January 5th, so that the expert group, offered to us by the Council of Europe, will come to the Moldova by January 20 and assist us in implementing this reform,” noted the prime minister.

The commission that will evaluate the integrity and professionalism of the judges will be made up of ten people, five of whom will be foreign experts, recommended by the European Union and other envelopment partners. The other five will be appointed by Parliament. “The reform provides for the elimination of political involvement in the Superior Council of Magistracy affairs, by excluding the Minister of Justice from this structure, and limits the immunity of judges only to the area of their functional responsibility,” specified Chicu.

The PM had also a meeting with Peter Michalko, the head of the EU delegation to the Republic of Moldova. A particular topic of their discussions, as a Government’s press release stated, was the progress of the judicial reform implementation and the set of documents regarding the judicial reform to be submitted for examination to the Council of Europe.

source: gov.md

The Minister of Justice, Fadei Nagacevschi, said that the strategy for ensuring the independence and integrity of the judiciary had been formulated for several years, taking into consideration previous proposals of the Council of Europe. The minister hopes that these documents will be presented in the Parliament for approval during the period February-March 2020. As he stated, the strategy also provides for the amendment of the Constitution, namely the provisions referring to the Superior Council of Magistracy and the way of judges’ appointment.

On the other hand, former Minister of Justice Olesea Stamate criticised the Chicu Government for its declarations of transmitting documents to the Council of Europe. She mentioned  that no document aimed at reforming judiciary was published on the Ministry of Justice website.

“Usually, such documents are first published for citizens, then transmitted to international organisations for expertise. If this is a preliminary, technical expertise, then why do we talk so much about it? The documents just have to be sent. The problem is that this government has nothing to present, it achieved nothing, while proudly announcing about transmitting some “secret” documents to the Council of Europe,” Stamate wrote on social media.

Later on, the documents were published on the official website of the Ministry of Justice.

Photo: gov.md

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Latest News

Important19 hours ago

An International Monetary Fund mission will visit Chişinău next week

An International Monetary Fund (IMF) mission, led by Ruben Atoyan, will be visiting the capital city of the Republic of...

Society2 days ago

What is the Moldovans’ budget share spent on food? Comparative figures

While most of the European countries’ population spend not more than a quarter of their minimum wage on food, Moldovan...

Tourism4 days ago

Six countryside guesthouses from Moldova that are worth visiting

Rural tourism is very popular nowadays. It is practised even in such small countries as Moldova, where one can travel...

Miscellaneous6 days ago

The U.S. Department of State: Vladimir Plahotniuc and his family members are ineligible for visas to the United States

Vladimir Plahotniuc, his wife and two children have been banned from entering the United States because of “significant corruption actions”...

Justice6 days ago

Former head of the Anti-corruption Prosecutor’s Office is under arrest

Viorel Morari, former head of the Anti-corruption Prosecutor’s Office, was detained for a period of 20 days, in addition to...

Politics1 week ago

Moldova in the last decade// the most prominent political fiascoes the country experienced

The decisions taken by the Constitutional Court, the expulsion of Turkish teachers, the adoption of the mixed electoral system, the...

Economy1 week ago

The Chicu government was criticised for its intention to introduce taxes on digital giants. Expert’s opinion

The Government of Moldova led by Ion Chicu was criticised for the proposal of Ministry of Finance, made after the...

Advertisement

Opinions

Advertisement

Trending