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What are GUAM’s priorities during Moldova’s chairmanship in 2018?

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On 1 January 2018, the Republic of Moldova overtook the annual chairmanship of the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development that includes Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova.

In this regard, the Moldovan Ministry of Foreign Affairs set a series of cooperation priorities for 2018:

  • Ensuring the functioning of the Free Trade Area within GUAM, including the prospect of transforming GUAM in a platform favorable for investment;
  • Activization of sectoral interactions in key areas, such as economy, transportation, energy, energy security, tourism, internal affairs;
  • Using the existent transportation potential of the GUAM area to increase the activity of the respective working group, Undertaking actions towards the implementation of the Concept for Developing the Transport Corridor GUAM, Elaborating the respective Action Plan;
  • Improving the cooperation relations and the information exchange in the education, science, research, and innovation sectors, including through the opportunities of the platforms of cooperation with Japan, USA, and the Visegrad group;
  • Consolidating the political dialogue by organizing high-profile meetings in Chișinău and promoting the collective resolution on Frozen conflicts in GUAM region at the next session of the UN General Assembly;
  • Consolidating and extending the international cooperation in the GUAM+ format, especially together with the EU and the OSCE, as well as promoting a constructive dialogue with the “traditional partners”- the USA, Japan, and the Visegrad countries;
  • Reorganizing and improving the efficiency of the activity of sectoral cooperation groups.

The reunion of GUAM Prime-Ministers is scheduled for the period between 15 June and 15 July, while the GUAM Parliamentary Assembly is planned for September 2018.

The GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development (Russian: Организация за демократию и экономическое развитие — ГУАМ) is a regional organization of four post-Soviet states: Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova. Created in October 1997, it was officially institutionalized with the headquarters in Kyiv in 2006.

Economy

Global Talent Competitiveness Index: Moldova when it comes to Artificial Intelligence

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The 7th edition of the Global Talent Competitiveness Index (GTCI) addressed the topic Global Talent in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. The index is used to rank 132 national economies, across all groups of income and levels of development, that representing 97% of the world’s GDP and 94% of its population. The report referred, first of all, to the level of innovation and technology development, exploring how the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is not only changing the nature of work but also forcing a re-evaluation of workplace practices, corporate structures and innovation ecosystems.

This year, Moldova ranked 86th out of 132 analysed economies, being ranked behind the neighbouring countries such as Ukraine and Romania, which ranked 66th and 64th, respectively.

The countries that are best positioned to benefit from the AI revolution are also the most developed countries in the world, especially when it comes to the competitiveness and potential of attracting and training best professionals. Top ten countries in the ranking are Switzerland, the United States of America, Singapore, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, Finland, Luxembourg, Norway and Australia.

New York, London, Singapore, San Francisco, Boston, Hong Kong, Paris, Tokyo, Los Angeles and Munich are among the most developed cities in this regard.

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index2
source: insead.edu

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source: insead.edu

GTCI highlights

One of the most important observations made in the GTCI report for 2020 is that the gap between talent champions (almost all of them high-income countries) and the rest of the world is widening. Still, AI may provide significant opportunities for emerging countries to leapfrog.

The top of the GTCI rankings is still dominated by Europe, including the Nordic countries – a significant number of small high-income economies, many of them being either landlocked, island or quasi-island economies, including Switzerland (1st), Singapore (3rd), Luxembourg (8th), Iceland (14th) or Austria (17th).

According to the report, the key factor is developing relatively open socio-economic policies in which talent growth and management are central priorities in the age of AI.

Moldova

Moldova managed to get a score of 36.64, being ranked 86th out of 132 countries. It was classified as lower-middle income country and ranked 7th out of 32 countries included in this category. The country’s talent competitiveness index weakened as compared to the period between 2015-2017, when it was listed around the 61st position.

Moldova was evaluated with the highest scores for such aspects as gender development gap, ease of doing business, number of female graduates, competition intensity and political stability, while the lowest scores were given for its share of R&D expenditure, robot density, university ranking, number of registered researchers, scientific journal articles, labour productivity per employee, new business density and collaboration across organisations.

This year’s model of the GTCI index includes a total of 70 variables, up from 68 indicators used in the GTCI 2019.

source: insead.edu

Photo: cambridgealert.com

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Politics

Maia Sandu, on an official visit in Bucharest: “We need Romania’s support very much”

Today, July 2, Prime Minister of Moldova Maia Sandu is on an official visit to Bucharest. This is Sandu’s first external visit after the busy weeks of taking office. President of Romania, Klaus Iohannis, says it is very important and symbolic that the first visit of Prime Minister Maia Sandu and the Government of Chisinau takes place in Bucharest.

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During the meeting, Klaus Iohannis said that Chisinau officials will have all his support, as well as Romania, in the commitment of the new coalition on the European path.

“I would like to, once more, thank the Romanian authorities and the Romanian citizens for their disinterested support. I am sure that the new milestones fixed today will further contribute to our collaboration. It is the first official bilateral visit after taking office and convincingly reflects the importance and interest that the new government attaches to special and privileged relations with Romania in the strategic partnership for the European integration of the Republic of Moldova,” declared Maia Sandu.

The Chief Executive of Chisinau, who will be accompanied by the Deputy Prime Minister Andrei Năstase on the official visit to Bucharest, will also meet with representatives of Parliament.

Photo sources: stirileprotv.ro, gov.md

Photo sources: stirileprotv.ro, gov.md

Photo sources: stirileprotv.ro, gov.md

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Moreover, Prime Minister Maia Sandu had a meeting with Romanian Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă, where several topics were discussed, including the energy field, with an emphasis on finalizing the construction and putting into operation of the Iasi-Ungheni-Chisinau gas pipeline.

Photo source: Mediafax

Prime Minister Maia Sandu listed the projects he had been able to discuss with the Romanian Government: completion of the construction and putting into full operation of the Iasi-Chisinau gas pipeline, the importance of interconnections of high voltage power lines, and the construction of the Unirii motorway to Ungheni.

“I furthermore pointed out in the discussions with the Prime Minister and the major relevance granted by Romania to the settlement of the conflict in the Transnistrian region, respecting the territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova and not affecting its pro-European vector,” Dăncilă declared.

Reminder: The Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Moldova, Nicu Popescu, had a meeting with his counterpart (Teodor Meleșcanu) in Bucharest yesterday.

Minister Popescu stressed that the relationship between the Republic of Moldova and Romania is a special one, including the position of Bucharest on the events in Chisinau in the recent situation of the duality of power.

“We appreciate that Romania was the first state to summon the political forces from Chisinau towards a peaceful transition of power, so Romania has played an important role in bringing the situation to the brink of normality.”

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Politics

Vladimir Putin: “Power in Moldova has been usurped by oligarchs”

The Russian Federation welcomes the co-operation between the Socialist Party of Moldova and the ‘ACUM’ and is going to support this parliamentary majority. 

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The Russian Federation’s position on the latest political events in Moldova has been made public a few days ago by the Moscow Foreign Ministry, which said it welcomed the formation of the ruling coalition and the government: “We are committed to cooperating with the authorities of the Republic of Moldova, democratically elected, to re-establish mutually beneficial Moldovan-Russian relations in various fields, in line with the provisions of the 2001 Friendship and Cooperation Treaty.”

Спасибо всем нашим партнёрам за поддержку легитимного Парламента и легитимного Правительства!

Geplaatst door Igor Dodon op Woensdag 12 juni 2019

“I think that Moldova is not a unique case but a more exemplary one because the power in Moldova, like in Ukraine, was usurped, in the direct sense of the word, by the oligarchs who kneeled all the state structures. They have earned money on the back of the people and used them to strengthen their personal well-being. What Igor Dodon is doing now and the party that has so far been in opposition is a step towards building a modern state. We will support President Igor Dodon and their coalition partners in order for them to finally escape these people who have usurped power and find the strength to cooperate in the interest of the people”, Vladimir Putin said.

This declaration belongs to Russian President Vladimir Putin, who mentioned in a TV interview that this collaboration between SPM and ACUM is necessary to remove Plahotniuc from power.

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