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Good news! A motorway that connects European Union and Republic of Moldova could be built

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On November 7th, the representatives of the Romanian parliament adopted a law that enables the construction of a 318 km long motorway on the territory of Romania. 261 deputies out of 268 voted for promulgating of the respective law.

According to the designed project, the motorway will make the connection between a planned bridge at the border with Republic of Moldova and the A3 motorway Brașov-Borș in the neighbourhood of the city Târgu-Mureș. The most difficult segment of the road to be constructed will lay in the mountain area, where tunnel digging, and viaduct building will be needed.

The total planned cost for the motorway construction is estimated to be four billion dollars. The main financing sources include the Romanian Government budget through the Transportation Ministry budget, external loans, as well as European grants and/or public-private partnerships.

The planned motorway from Targu-Mures to the border of Republic of Moldova| Photo source: realitateafinanciara.net

During the implementation of the project, the yearly government budget law will specify the amount of appropriations that will be allocated to this objective, according to the financial necessities communicated by the Transportation Ministry. The latter will be responsible for the coordination of the works and for starting the procedures required for the investment within 30 days following the date of entry into force of the law.

The law in question was initiated by 70 senators and deputies from all parties that are members of the Romanian parliament. It was especially supported by the members of NLP (National Liberal Party) and SRU (Save Romania Union) that displayed unionist messages like “Moldova asks for the highway” and “The highway of the Great Union.” More information on the topic here.

As the motorways are designed for high speed vehicular traffic, they need a special infrastructure and a higher amount of investments than any other type of roads. In the European Union the number of motorways has tripled in the last 30 years, the most extensive motorway networks being in Germany, France and Spain, according to Eurostat.

Total length of motorways map (km) 2016| Photo source: ec.europa.eu

In Romania, the total length of the motorways is more than 786 km, according to the most recent data and the network is still planned to be extended.

Romania ‘s motorway map 2018| Photo source: 130km.ro

Republic of Moldova has no built motorways until this moment.

Featured photo source: startrescue.co.uk

Economy

A mission of the International Monetary Fund led by Ruben Atoyan is coming to Moldova

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A mission of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) headed by Ruben Atoyan will be on an official visit to Chisinau from June 26 to July 10, 2019, writes ZdG.

According to an IMF press release, the mission will hold talks with the authorities in the context of the revision of the IMF-funded program under the Extended Fund Facility (ECF) and WFP arrangements. The mission will analyze recent economic developments and progress in program implementation, as well as update and assess the macroeconomic outlook and discuss with authorities about macroeconomic policies in the coming period.

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Economy

How many millionaires are there in the Republic of Moldova?

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1 760.

1760 citizens of the Republic of Moldova obtained revenues of over 1,000,000 lei in the year 2018. The total income earned by these people was 6.140,000,000 lei and the tax paid to the budget from this income is the amounted to 479.710,000 lei, the State Tax Service announced.

According to the quoted source, the highest amount of income earned by a natural person in 2018 was 83.250,000 lei.

Territorial, most millionaires are registered in Chisinau – 1384.

The youngest person in this category is 21 years old and the oldest – 90 years old.

Accordingly, the average income of a taxpayer is 49.700 lei in 2018 compared to 44.800 lei in 2017.

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Economy

The past and the future of Moldova’s energy sector security

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The energy sector is one of the vulnerable areas of the Republic of Moldova because it could not provide national security in case of exceptional situations.

The energy vulnerability of the Republic of Moldova is caused by the dependence on natural gas and electricity from the outside, obsolete infrastructure and tariffs inadequate to economic rigors. The accession of the Republic of Moldova to the European Energy Community could represent the solution to many problems existing in the energy sector, says the political analyst of the IIDIS Viitorul, Ion Tăbârţă via the Newsletter.

Achieving commitments under the European Energy Community could ultimately lead to diversification of energy supply, demonopolization and liberalization of the energy market, separation of energy activities, renovation and modernization of infrastructure, non-discriminatory tariffs for consumers.

With the signing of the Association Agreement with the EU, the Republic of Moldova started transposing and implementing the provisions of the Energy Package III, adopted by the European Union in 2009.

The Republic of Moldova has achieved good results in transposing the European directives into national legislation, adopting several laws in the energy field. However, the Republic of Moldova is experiencing some delays in adopting sectoral energy laws, such as the Oil Law.

The reforming and modernization of the Moldovan energy system will be realized only after the implementation of these laws, when their functionality will be ensured. The Government of the Republic of Moldova and ANRE are the main institutions responsible for the implementation of the regulatory framework.

The implementation has several dimensions:

  1. development and approval of secondary legislation
  2. liberalization of the energy market and institutional and organizational consolidation
  3. modernization of energy infrastructure.

To achieve these goals, the energy interconnection with the EU must be achieved, which can only be done through Romania. The Government of the Republic of Moldova concluded in 2015 a Memorandum of Understanding with that of Romania. This implied the realization of 5 large projects that would ensure the interconnection of the natural gas and electricity networks between the two states.

What should the Republic of Moldova do for a more secure energy sector?

The Republic of Moldova needs to modernize and restructure it in order to overcome the inherited vulnerabilities of the past. Contrary to expectations arising from the national interest of the Republic of Moldova, this process is much slower than expected.

We have delays in the adoption of legislation, especially the secondary one, and delays in the modernization of energy infrastructure. This is particularly evident in energy interconnections with Romania, which could be viable solutions to many of the existing energy problems in the Republic of Moldova. Under the conditions that there is external support from the outside, such an attitude means that things are “intentionally entangled” inside. Money is capacity, the rest is at the mercy of political will.

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