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The General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation claims that Transnistria is a “sovereign state”

It’s official. The Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova is recognized as a “sovereign state” by the General Prosecutor’s Office in Moscow. This is, at least, apparent from a response given on May 16, 2019, in one of the files represented by the Promo-LEX Association lawyers.

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“Recognition of the Transnistrian region as a sovereign state entity by the Russian Federation represents a total and first change of official attitude towards the status of the Transnistrian region of Moldova”, says Promo-LEX.

According to the source, until now, the position of the official structures of the Russian state, including before the European Court of Human Rights, underlined that the Russian Federation respected the constitutional provisions regarding the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, its quality of mediator in the process of settling the Transnistrian problem, the norms of international law, including the Treaty of friendship and cooperation between the two countries.

“The response sent on 16 May 2019 reflects a completely different and erroneous attitude of the Russian Federation, which already officially recognizes a regime that is a continuous and flagrant attack on the human rights situation in the territory controlled by the Tiraspol administration”, the press release communicated.

According to Promo-LEX, this radical change in the position of the Russian authorities in relation to the Transnistrian region comes at a time when, before the European Court of Human Right, the Government of the Russian Federation, for more than 20 years, has admitted the fact that the Transnistrian region is a territory belonging to the Republic of Moldova.

According to the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, the Republic of Moldova is a sovereign and independent, unitary and indivisible state. The territory of the Republic of Moldova is inalienable. According to the supreme act, human rights and fundamental freedoms must be respected throughout the territory of R.M.

Therefore, the State of Moldova has the duty to intervene in the protection of the rights of any person anywhere on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. However, much of the territory of the Republic of Moldova is outside the control of the constitutional authorities, although according to ECHR jurisprudence the Republic of Moldova has jurisdiction over its entire territory.

“The role of the Russian investigation authorities is quite important from the point of view of protecting the rights of the victims whose rights have been violated in the Transnistrian region by the administration of the region. However, as a result of the multiple convictions of the Russian Federation to the ECHR violations in the Transnistrian region, the investigating authorities, especially the Russian Prosecutor General’s Office, are proactive in investigating and prosecuting those who have committed wrongdoing” the source quoted.

Source: Europa Libera Moldova // Kozak and Krasnoselski in Tiraspol

Reminder: After some talks with separatist administration leader Vadim Krasnoselski, this is what Dmitri Kozak declared:

“The Russian Federation will continue to support the Transnistrian region so its inhabitants “feel comfortable as far as possible under the current conditions,”

“For 30 years, Russia has supported Transnistria, because they are our citizens, our compatriots who live here and need support. The Transnistrian Moldovan Republic is in a complicated situation with regard to the lack of solution, the non-regulation of the status issue, and it needs adequate support.”

More on that, according to the press service of the secessionist administration, Kozak talked with Krasnoselski about “topical issues about the functioning of the economy, the social sphere, the logistic support and the material that the Russian Federation could offer”, including the acquisition of Russian citizenship by the inhabitants of the region.

Emphasizing Russia’s role in ensuring peace in Transnistria, he also stated that “negotiations” in the 5 + 2 format are the “current issues” that can only be solved through discussions with the Chisinau authorities, “given the geographical position of Transnistria.”

On the other note…

At Putin’s invitation, Dodon left for St. Petersburg.

One week after he last met Vladimir Putin and went on yet another working visit abroad, Igor Dodon announced that he is about to plan a new trip at the invitation of the Russian President. This time, the head of state goes to St. Petersburg, where he will participate in the XXIIIth edition of the International Economic Forum.

“According to the agenda, I will have meetings with the leadership of the Secretariat of the Interparliamentary Assembly of the CIS member countries and of the UN Economic Council, as well as with the heads of the companies” Gazprom “and” Sberbank”. Moreover, a meeting of the Moldovan-Russian Economic Council will take place in Sankt Petersburg with the participation of officials from the Government of the Russian Federation,” Igor Dodon wrote on his Facebook page.

Since Dodon’s investiture in Moldova’s chairman, 2,700,000 lei has been spent from the state budget to cover his travel expenses. Dodon made 37 official and working visits across the country, of which 17 were carried out in the Russian Federation.

Politics

Parliament asks prosecutors to indict Moldova’s ex-PM, central bank governor, and 2 ex-ministers for negligence over 2014 frauds

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The Parliamentary committee on the investigation of the circumstances around the devaluation of the baking system requested the Moldovan prosecutors to initiate penal cases against the former PM Iurie Leancă, central bank ex-governor Dorin Drăguțanu, former Parliament speaker and economy minister Andrian Candu, as well as the ex-minister of finances, Anatol Arapu.

The committee found that the above-mentioned officials can be charged with negligence at work (329th article of the Penal Code).

Acording to committee head Alexandru Slusari, the three banks involved in the 2014 frauds did not have any special state management and siffoned millions out of Moldova’s banking system, even after the Government covered the 9,5 billion lei of emergency loans given by the National Bank to these banks.

“Thus, the leadership of the Government and the National Bank acted during that period with negligence, to say the least, without imposing state control over BEM, Unibank and Banca Sociala immediately after the issuance of the state warranties. We would like to remind that the warranties were eventually transformed into state debt with a 5% interest rate on the shoulder of citizens”, Slusari declared.

Concidence or not, former PM Iurie Leancă was stopped on 1 August by the border police from crossing Moldova’s borders after attempting to physically transfer 50 thousand euros to Romania. Leancă claims that the money is mentioned in his property declaration.

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Maia Sandu urges Tiraspol to lift the travel ban for officials of the Republic of Moldova

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Prime Minister Maia Sandu had a meeting with representatives of the mediators and observers in the “3+2” negotiation format. The discussions focused on the evaluation of the current stage of the Transnistrian settlement process.

Maia Sandu requested assistance from the “3+2” representatives in determining the Transnistrian party to eliminate in the near future the ban on traveling to the left bank for all citizens of the Republic of Moldova.

According to a government communiqué, the prime minister stressed that the “5+2” negotiation format for the Transnistrian settlement should become a platform to help fight corruption and smuggling.

“We have also discussed this in Kiev and I am glad that we have the same position in relation to this issue. The fight against corruption and smuggling in the Transnistrian region must be a priority. We will ensure that both state institutions and government officials will no longer be involved in corruption and smuggling schemes with Tiraspol, as it had happened in the past. As long as the Transnistrian region will be a major source of illegal enrichment for some people, there will be no real progress in identifying a political solution.”

In this context, Maia Sandu mentioned the need to prolong the EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM).

The head of the OSCE Mission to Moldova, Claus Neukirch, reiterated that securing the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova, with a special status for the Transnistrian region, is the key factor in the mission’s work, but also the main goal of the “5+2” format.

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Politics

Financial support provided by USAID will be increased by $29 Million

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Yesterday, Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova, Maia Sandu, and the Deputy of the USAID for Europe and Eurasia Bureau, Brock Bierman, signed two letters confirming the intention to increase the contribution to the development assistance agreement with the value of 29 million US dollars.

According to Maia Sandu, the money offered by the American people will be used for good governance, tourism, information technology, and media projects.

“Support from the US over the years has been important for strengthening democratic institutions and processes in Moldova. US support has been and is important for building the rule of law for reforming justice, building a state to represent and defend Moldovan citizens. This financial support will be used as efficiently, transparently and correctly as possible, especially in the interests of all citizens,” said Maia Sandu.

The expected funding for democratic governance will facilitate the creation of functional institutions and involve citizens in decision-making, promote the efficiency and transparency of local governments, improve access to municipal services, and promote decentralization and judicial reforms. Other key areas are creating favorable conditions for civil society organizations and the media.

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