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Economy

The energy and investment sector of Moldova, discussed in the the United States

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On his second day in the United States of America, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Vitalie Iurcu, discussed the Moldovan-American cooperation in the commercial-economic field, with an emphasis on energy.

During the meeting with the Republican congressman in the state of Texas, Jodey Arrington, the two exchanged views on developments in the Moldovan energy sector. At the same time, the State Secretary of the Ministry of Economy and Infrastructure received support from US officials, reiterating interest in the energy security projects of our country. Moreover, during the meeting, invitations were exchanged for subsequent visits to Chisinau and Washington DC.

State Secretary and President of the Moldovan-American Business Council, Steve Nicandros, welcomed the Moldovan-American ascendant dynamics, especially the commercial-economic cooperation and the intensification of the B2B dialogue. The interlocutors agreed to maintain working contacts in order to identify new areas of cooperation on the economic branch and to promote bilateral investments in the key sectors of the national economy, including the energy sector.

The officials further attended the meeting with representatives of the business community in Houston, Texas. Vitalie Iurcu presented the advantageous investment field of the Republic of Moldova and urged investors in Houston to explore ways to collaborate with our country.

Reminder: Moldova participated in the first ministerial meeting of the Partnership for Transatlantic Energy Cooperation and the Investment Forum in Houston, United States of America.

Economy

How many millionaires are there in the Republic of Moldova?

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1 760.

1760 citizens of the Republic of Moldova obtained revenues of over 1,000,000 lei in the year 2018. The total income earned by these people was 6.140,000,000 lei and the tax paid to the budget from this income is the amounted to 479.710,000 lei, the State Tax Service announced.

According to the quoted source, the highest amount of income earned by a natural person in 2018 was 83.250,000 lei.

Territorial, most millionaires are registered in Chisinau – 1384.

The youngest person in this category is 21 years old and the oldest – 90 years old.

Accordingly, the average income of a taxpayer is 49.700 lei in 2018 compared to 44.800 lei in 2017.

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Economy

The past and the future of Moldova’s energy sector security

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The energy sector is one of the vulnerable areas of the Republic of Moldova because it could not provide national security in case of exceptional situations.

The energy vulnerability of the Republic of Moldova is caused by the dependence on natural gas and electricity from the outside, obsolete infrastructure and tariffs inadequate to economic rigors. The accession of the Republic of Moldova to the European Energy Community could represent the solution to many problems existing in the energy sector, says the political analyst of the IIDIS Viitorul, Ion Tăbârţă via the Newsletter.

Achieving commitments under the European Energy Community could ultimately lead to diversification of energy supply, demonopolization and liberalization of the energy market, separation of energy activities, renovation and modernization of infrastructure, non-discriminatory tariffs for consumers.

With the signing of the Association Agreement with the EU, the Republic of Moldova started transposing and implementing the provisions of the Energy Package III, adopted by the European Union in 2009.

The Republic of Moldova has achieved good results in transposing the European directives into national legislation, adopting several laws in the energy field. However, the Republic of Moldova is experiencing some delays in adopting sectoral energy laws, such as the Oil Law.

The reforming and modernization of the Moldovan energy system will be realized only after the implementation of these laws, when their functionality will be ensured. The Government of the Republic of Moldova and ANRE are the main institutions responsible for the implementation of the regulatory framework.

The implementation has several dimensions:

  1. development and approval of secondary legislation
  2. liberalization of the energy market and institutional and organizational consolidation
  3. modernization of energy infrastructure.

To achieve these goals, the energy interconnection with the EU must be achieved, which can only be done through Romania. The Government of the Republic of Moldova concluded in 2015 a Memorandum of Understanding with that of Romania. This implied the realization of 5 large projects that would ensure the interconnection of the natural gas and electricity networks between the two states.

What should the Republic of Moldova do for a more secure energy sector?

The Republic of Moldova needs to modernize and restructure it in order to overcome the inherited vulnerabilities of the past. Contrary to expectations arising from the national interest of the Republic of Moldova, this process is much slower than expected.

We have delays in the adoption of legislation, especially the secondary one, and delays in the modernization of energy infrastructure. This is particularly evident in energy interconnections with Romania, which could be viable solutions to many of the existing energy problems in the Republic of Moldova. Under the conditions that there is external support from the outside, such an attitude means that things are “intentionally entangled” inside. Money is capacity, the rest is at the mercy of political will.

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Economy

Moldova will receive a $70,000,000 loan from the World Bank

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The aim of the money is to increase electricity distribution capacity. According to a communiqué to the international institution mentioned above, the decision to grant the loan was approved yesterday by the World Bank Board of Directors.

A new high-voltage 400 kV line will be built from the WB money between Vulcanesti, in the south of Moldova and Chisinau. Also, the modernization and extension of substations in Chisinau and Vulcanesti are envisaged, as well as strengthening the energy transmission and metering system.

“The project will strengthen the capacity and reliability of local energy distribution in Moldova and will support the future interconnection of Moldova’s electricity system to the European electricity grid through Romania. This will be vital for the diversification of Moldova’s electricity supply, which will allow electricity to be supplied at competitive and transparent prices,” says the communiqué.

Over the last 27 years, the World Bank has granted the Republic of Moldova loans totaling over $1,000,000,000 for about 60 projects.

Currently, the World Bank portfolio includes ten active projects with a total commitment of $391.300,000. The areas of support include regulatory reform and business development, education, eGovernment, healthcare, agriculture, local roads, the environment, and others.

The commitment portfolio of the International Financial Corporation in Moldova includes five projects amounting to $17,000,000 (69% loans and 31% equity). The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency provided $95,000,000. Both institutions are members of the World Bank Group.

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