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Reintegration

Education working group: Chișinău and Tiraspol make progress on diploma recognition and functioning of Romanian language schools

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1 February 2018- The education working group of experts from Chișinău and Tiraspol met at the OSCE Mission office to discuss the progress on implementing the provisions of the protocols signed on 25 November 2017.

The parties exchanged opinions on the signing of rent contracts for the Romanian language (Latin script) schools in Transnistria, focusing on the 10 years term, on lowering the rent price to the minimum level and on reducing other differences. A special attention was given to the situation of the Lyceum “Evrica” from Râbnița, that stays blocked since 2004 and that was allocated significant state funds for its construction.

The experts also agreed to finish the legislation needed for the recognition of diplomas from the so-called “State University” from Tiraspol. The expected delivery date for this provision is the end of February 2018.

On 25 November 2017, accompanied by 5+2 mediators and observers, Moldova’s Reintegration Minister George Balan and the so-called “foreign minister” of Transnistria Vitalyi Ignatiev signed 4 protocols elaborated at the expert groups level. The protocols focus on 4 key issues:

  • Recognition of diplomas issued by education institutions in the Transnistrian region– the parties agreed to Chișinău accepting (apostillation) a neutral diploma issued in Transnistria;
  • Elimination of barriers in the telecommunication domain- establishing a direct connection of fixed and the mobile telephone network, as well as internet, after the negotiations between operators on both banks of Nistru river;
  • Elimination of barriers to the functioning of Romanian language (Latin script) schools in Transnistria- setting minimal rent and utility prices for the buildings rented out to these schools, setting 10 years as the minimal rent period for the buildings, providing the adjacent lands in use to the schools, providing conditions for free movement of teachers and pupils of these schools, but also the needed materials for their functioning;
  • Allowing farmers to use their lands across Tiraspol-Camenca road in Dubăsari district- applying the “2006 Mechanism” of distributing the lands to those persons owning them initially, stopping the use of lands by Transnistrian firms or persons (2014 distribution), stopping the penal cases against the latter by Chișinău.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

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Reintegration

Disputes raised at the first meeting of the Joint Control Commission in 2019

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The Unified Control Commission focused its discussions at this year’s first session on the Moldovan delegation’s proposals to develop a Security Zone monitoring mechanism in line with the commitments made under the protocol signed in January 2017.

The refusal of the representatives of Tiraspol to accept this approach has generated fierce disputes between the participants.

The arguments presented by the Moldovan delegation, supported by the representatives of Ukraine, would remove the previously signaled deficiencies and would ensure that the incidents in the Security Zone are not admitted.

The proposal of the Moldovan delegation to train the OSCE Mission to develop such a monitoring mechanism was also rejected.

At the same time, the work of military observers and their reports was addressed, in particular, refusals to sign some reports that do not objectively reflect violations committed in the Security Zone.

The Moldovan delegation reiterated that such situations are caused by the lack of a separate regulation of the Joint Military Command.

As arguments were presented cases in which some military applications deployed in the Security Zone and publicized, including on official sites, are not found in the reports of the military observers (a fact which determined the military representatives of the Republic of Moldova not to target such projects of incomplete acts).

The Chisinau delegation also referred to the long term, during which the parties can not reach a consensus on some important topics.

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Reintegration

A deputy is being prosecuted for $3,500 theft in Transnistria

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Transnistrian Supreme Soviet Deputy Vasili Vlasov is being prosecuted for the embezzlement of public money in particularly high proportions while he was the director of “Tirasteploenergo”. It is about 57,000 of Transnistrian rubles (about 3,500 dollars) that he would have received illegally.

According to the INFOTAG agency, the region’s prosecutor, Anatoliy Guretsky, has asked the Supreme Soviet to agree to the detention, and arrest the former deputy.

Guretsky said that during the investigation, Vlasov actively tried to influence the criminal file by preventing the obtaining of testimonies from other persons.

Vlasov did not come to the Supreme Soviet meeting “because of health problems,” but addressed colleagues with a letter. He states that in the criminal case he was invited by the Committee of Inquiry as a witness and stresses that testimonies have been filed by the official who has the status of the accused.

Examining the prosecutor’s request, the parliamentary commission for mandates, regulation, and ethics of the deputy refused to detain him, but accepted “conducting investigative measures against him” instead.

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Reintegration

Tiraspol is opposing to the establishment of an effective monitoring mechanism in the Security Zone

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The Moldovan delegation’s attempts to determine the parties to execute the current protocol that provides for an effective monitoring mechanism for the Security Zone was also reiterated at the Joint Control Commission (JCC) meeting on 27 December.

According to a communiqué from the Moldovan Delegation, the focus on the subject and the insistence of our delegation, the persistence of violations by the militarized structures of Tiraspol, and the shortcomings found in the current identification procedure as well as the documentation of violations derive from the many incidents recorded in recent years in the Security Zone.

The arguments presented, according to which the parties already assumed the obligation to create such a mechanism and that it would allow future incidents to be avoided and would contribute to maintaining order in the Security Zone, were not accepted.

On the contrary, on the agenda of the meeting, the Transnistrian delegation tried to promote the issue of not allowing the modification of the existing mechanisms for controlling the situation in the Security Zone.

In the process, the head of the Transnistrian delegation was warned against the use of the JCC platform for launching political statements and misinforming public opinion as co-chair of the Commission, launching in the public space information and appraisals that do not correspond to reality.

In this case, on December 25, in an interview with a publication, he said that Chisinau would destabilize the situation in the Security Zone and would create a negative context in the conflict settlement process.

The gesture is regrettable given that it has previously noted in the Commission meetings that constructive approaches and tendencies have been dealt with in the Commission’s competence.

Following tense talks, the meeting ended without reaching a common denominator on the agenda.

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