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Reintegration

Chișinău and Tiraspol review progress on agreements, sign protocol decision on veterinary, quarantine and plant protection measures

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The Moldovan and Transdniestrian Chief Negotiators, Cristina Lesnic (l) and Vitaly Ignatiev (r), sign a Protocol Decision on veterinary, quarantine and plant protection measures, at the OSCE Mission to Moldova, Chisinau, 15 February 2018. Source: OSCE/Iurie Foca

15 February 2018- The first meeting in the 1+1 format the Moldovan and Transdniestrian Chief Negotiators, Cristina Lesnic and Vitaly Ignatiev, respectively, took place in Chișinău at the OSCE Mission building.

According to the press-release of the OSCE Mission to Moldova, Lesnic and Ignatiev reviewed the progress achieved in the implementation of 4 out of 5 agreements signed in November 2017:

In the first two months of 2018, the Sides have locked in an agreement on the increased capacity of the Gura Bicului-Bychok bridge to make it accessible to vehicles of up to 10 tonnes, ensured the functioning of the Moldova-administered Latin-script schools, agreed on the apostilization of educational documents issued in Transdniestria, and restored Moldovan farmers’ access to their land in the Dubasari district.

At the same time, Lesnic urged the Transnistrian negotiator to unblock the access of farmers from Dubăsari district to their lands in order to start the spring agricultural works.

The parties promised to achieve agreement in the next few months on a mechanism to allow vehicles from the Transnistrian region to participate in international road traffic. A meeting of the working group on the transportation issues was scheduled for 21 February.

Aside from the talks, Lesnic and Ignatiev signed a protocol decision on veterinary, quarantine and plant protection measures, which would facilitate the harmonization of standards to the European level.

Speaking to the press after the meeting, Transnistria’s “foreign minister” Ignatiev stated that he insisted on stopping the “politically-motivated cases” and ensuring the full functioning of the railway transportation in the region. Moreover, Ignatiev announced that Chișinău and Tiraspol agreed to restart the working groups on banking and human rights issues.

Note: On 25 November 2017, accompanied by 5+2 mediators and observers, Moldova’s Reintegration Minister George Balan and the so-called “foreign minister” of Transnistria Vitaly Ignatiev signed 4 protocols elaborated at the expert groups level. The protocols focus on 4 key issues:

  • Recognition of diplomas issued by education institutions in the Transnistrian region– the parties agreed to Chișinău accepting (“apostilization”) a neutral diploma issued in Transnistria;
  • Elimination of barriers in the telecommunication domain- establishing a direct connection of fixed and the mobile telephone network, as well as internet, after the negotiations between operators on both banks of Nistru river;
  • Elimination of barriers to the functioning of Romanian language (Latin script) schools in Transnistria- setting minimal rent and utility prices for the buildings rented out to these schools, setting 10 years as the minimal rent period for the buildings, providing the adjacent lands in use to the schools, providing conditions for free movement of teachers and pupils of these schools, but also the needed materials for their functioning;
  • Allowing farmers to use their lands across Tiraspol-Camenca road in Dubăsari district- applying the “2006 Mechanism” of distributing the lands to those persons owning them initially, stopping the use of lands by Transnistrian firms or persons (2014 distribution), stopping the penal cases against the latter by Chișinău.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

Reintegration

Tudor Ulianovschi: Moldova pleads consistently for the complete and unconditional withdrawal of Russian troops from its territory

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The statement was made by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, Tudor Ulianovschi, at the OSCE’s annual ministerial meeting, which took place today in Milan, Italy.

The Republic of Moldova consistently pleads for the complete and unconditional withdrawal of Russian troops from its territory and for the transformation of the current peacekeeping operation into a civilian mission with an international mandate.

According to a communiqué from the Chisinau Diplomacy, Minister Ulianovschi mentioned that these and other measures to build trust and support the population effectively contribute to the proximity between the two banks of the Dniester and to create a favorable atmosphere for the final settlement of the Transnistrian conflict.

In this context, Tudor Ulianovschi invoked the UN General Assembly resolution “On the complete and unconditional withdrawal of foreign military forces from the territory of the Republic of Moldova”, drawing in particular attention to the serious humanitarian and ecological hazards of the stocks of the Cobasna ammunition.

The head of the Moldovan diplomacy thanked the 57 participating states for their support in the adoption of the declaration on the “5 + 2” negotiation process in order

“to help identify a peaceful, comprehensive and durable for this conflict, based on respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova within its internationally recognized borders, with a special status for Transnistria.”

In a wider context, Tudor Ulianovschi advocated stepping up efforts to regulate conflicts in the GUAM area, underlining the importance of respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states within their internationally recognized borders.

“The recent Russian-Ukrainian naval incident in the Kerch Strait demonstrates once more how fragile peace and security are in this geographical area in which my country is located,” contended Tudor Ulianovschi.

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Opinion

Transnistrian Minister of Foreign Affairs: There were many delusions that the conflict between Moldova and Transnistria is very easy to resolve

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The head of the Transnistrian diplomatic mission told about what is slowing down the negotiation process.

The First Transnistrian TV channel took an interview from the Transnistrian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Vitaly Ignatiev, who claims that the Transnistrian side is trying to focus on concrete matters, on a specific agenda within the conflict negotiation process.

Ignatiev drew attention to the fact that the position of President Vadim Krasnoselsky, who previously declared that it makes no sense to meet with Moldovan counterparts without a specific agenda, is connected with this.

According to him, over the years of the negotiation formats on the Moldovan-Transnistrian settlement, various visions, plans or approaches that took place, there were many delusions that the conflict was very easy to resolve.

However, the Transnistrian diplomat refuses to recognize Transnistria as part of Moldova.

“We have absolutely legitimate international legal, historical grounds for recognizing the independence of Transnistria. We have a generation of Transnistrians who have not lived a single day in the Soviet Moldova. Any settlement should be based on the will of the people. We rely on the will of the population, which has already determined its fate within referendums,” the minister added.

He stated that Transnistria lives in accordance with its Constitution, and Moldova, in turn, lives within its legislative space.

“There is not a single signal about the eagerness of the Moldovan authorities to deal with these issues seriously, although there are a lot of statements about the issue. Sometimes these statements create an unnecessary background and interfere with the dialogue,” the diplomat concluded.

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Reintegration

Transnistrian president Krasnoselsky: Discussing issues with the Moldovan president is impractical at the moment.

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Recently, the president of Moldova, Igor Dodon has made an announcement that, in December, there is a scheduled meeting with the President of Transnistria, Vadim Krasnoselsky.

The event will take place in Bender, writes the Transnistrian news portal novostiprm.com.

However, the according to the separatist press, Krasnoselsky made it clear that there will be no meeting “just for the sake of meeting”, affirming that there are enough unresolved issues and problems on the negotiation agenda.

“A clear agenda is necessary, and I don’t see it the moment. Those 5 + 2 questions format do not correspond to his competences. Furthermore, in principle, discussing these issues with Igor Dodon is impractical. The president of Moldova should have his own agenda,” declared the president of Transnistria.

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