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Reintegration

26 years since the start of the Transnistrian war

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2 March 2018- The Republic of Moldova commemorates the start of the armed conflict in the Eastern region, so-called Transnistria. It is an occasion to commemorate those who fought and died in the armed conflict for defending the integrity and the independence of Moldova against the Russia-backed separatist forces.

On March 2, 1992, the first Moldovan President Mircea Snegur authorized the attack on the separatist groups from Transnistria who were backed by the former 14th Soviet Army, taken under the control of Russia at that moment. On the same date, Moldova was admitted in the United Nations.

razboi-nistru-transnistria

As Moldova didn’t have armed forces at that time, the legal authorities used the police and volunteers to fight the Transnistrian Guard and cossacks residing in Dubăsari, Bender and Tiraspol.

Around 29000 people participated in the armed conflict and some estimate that 287 died. The war ended on 21 July 1992, when Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Moldovan President Mircea Snegur signed the ceasefire, the so-called agreement on the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict.

The Transnistrian war is now often referred to as the war for defending the independence and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova.

A political solution to the Transnistrian conflict was never achieved since 1992. The so-called Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic still relies heavily on Russian financial aid, Russian market and natural gas from an economic point of view, and on Russian peace-keepers and the illegally stationed Operative Troops of Russia from the military point of view.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

Reintegration

Tudor Ulianovschi: Moldova pleads consistently for the complete and unconditional withdrawal of Russian troops from its territory

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The statement was made by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, Tudor Ulianovschi, at the OSCE’s annual ministerial meeting, which took place today in Milan, Italy.

The Republic of Moldova consistently pleads for the complete and unconditional withdrawal of Russian troops from its territory and for the transformation of the current peacekeeping operation into a civilian mission with an international mandate.

According to a communiqué from the Chisinau Diplomacy, Minister Ulianovschi mentioned that these and other measures to build trust and support the population effectively contribute to the proximity between the two banks of the Dniester and to create a favorable atmosphere for the final settlement of the Transnistrian conflict.

In this context, Tudor Ulianovschi invoked the UN General Assembly resolution “On the complete and unconditional withdrawal of foreign military forces from the territory of the Republic of Moldova”, drawing in particular attention to the serious humanitarian and ecological hazards of the stocks of the Cobasna ammunition.

The head of the Moldovan diplomacy thanked the 57 participating states for their support in the adoption of the declaration on the “5 + 2” negotiation process in order

“to help identify a peaceful, comprehensive and durable for this conflict, based on respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova within its internationally recognized borders, with a special status for Transnistria.”

In a wider context, Tudor Ulianovschi advocated stepping up efforts to regulate conflicts in the GUAM area, underlining the importance of respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states within their internationally recognized borders.

“The recent Russian-Ukrainian naval incident in the Kerch Strait demonstrates once more how fragile peace and security are in this geographical area in which my country is located,” contended Tudor Ulianovschi.

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Transnistrian Minister of Foreign Affairs: There were many delusions that the conflict between Moldova and Transnistria is very easy to resolve

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The head of the Transnistrian diplomatic mission told about what is slowing down the negotiation process.

The First Transnistrian TV channel took an interview from the Transnistrian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Vitaly Ignatiev, who claims that the Transnistrian side is trying to focus on concrete matters, on a specific agenda within the conflict negotiation process.

Ignatiev drew attention to the fact that the position of President Vadim Krasnoselsky, who previously declared that it makes no sense to meet with Moldovan counterparts without a specific agenda, is connected with this.

According to him, over the years of the negotiation formats on the Moldovan-Transnistrian settlement, various visions, plans or approaches that took place, there were many delusions that the conflict was very easy to resolve.

However, the Transnistrian diplomat refuses to recognize Transnistria as part of Moldova.

“We have absolutely legitimate international legal, historical grounds for recognizing the independence of Transnistria. We have a generation of Transnistrians who have not lived a single day in the Soviet Moldova. Any settlement should be based on the will of the people. We rely on the will of the population, which has already determined its fate within referendums,” the minister added.

He stated that Transnistria lives in accordance with its Constitution, and Moldova, in turn, lives within its legislative space.

“There is not a single signal about the eagerness of the Moldovan authorities to deal with these issues seriously, although there are a lot of statements about the issue. Sometimes these statements create an unnecessary background and interfere with the dialogue,” the diplomat concluded.

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Reintegration

Transnistrian president Krasnoselsky: Discussing issues with the Moldovan president is impractical at the moment.

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Recently, the president of Moldova, Igor Dodon has made an announcement that, in December, there is a scheduled meeting with the President of Transnistria, Vadim Krasnoselsky.

The event will take place in Bender, writes the Transnistrian news portal novostiprm.com.

However, the according to the separatist press, Krasnoselsky made it clear that there will be no meeting “just for the sake of meeting”, affirming that there are enough unresolved issues and problems on the negotiation agenda.

“A clear agenda is necessary, and I don’t see it the moment. Those 5 + 2 questions format do not correspond to his competences. Furthermore, in principle, discussing these issues with Igor Dodon is impractical. The president of Moldova should have his own agenda,” declared the president of Transnistria.

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