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2017: Moldovans filed 9% fewer complaints with the ECtHR, but still three times more than the European average

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26 January 2018- The Legal Resources Centre from Moldova (CRJM- Centrul de Resurse Juridice din Moldova) analyzed the activity of the European Court for Human Rights (ECtHR) in 2017 in order to compare Moldova’s cases with the ones of other European states.

After analyzing the 2017 Annual Report of ECtHR, the Centre found out that the number of complaints regarding Moldova decreased by 9%, compared to 2016. Nevertheless, the number of complaints of Moldovan citizens is three times higher than the European average. CRJM’s experts believe that the decrease of complaints is due to the unpopularity of the Court, which rejected without motivation more than 8600 complaints during 2011-2016.

On 31 December 2017, some 1348 Moldovan complaints were still pending for examination, and 89% of them are considered to have a chance of success.

From 1997 until the end of 2017, the ECtHR issued 354 decisions on Moldovan cases, out of which 17- in 2017. The most frequent types of human rights violations found by the Court are the non-execution of court decisions, the mistreatment and inadequate investigation of mistreatment, the detention in bad conditions, the illegal closing of irrevocable court decisions.

Until 31 December 2017, the Republic of Moldova was obliged to pay over 16,3 million euros (107,348 euros in 2017, approx. 190 thousand euros in 2016) based on the decisions of the ECtHR. CRJM says that this sum is bigger than the entire budget of the courts in 2015.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

Important

Moscow: Vlad Plahotniuc and Veaceslav Platon – organizers of the scheme to illegally export over 37.000.000.000 rubles from Russia

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The Russian Interior Ministry declared that the head of the Democratic Party Vladimir Plahotniuc and businessman Veaceslav Platon have participated in the organization of an international criminal structure that dealt with large-scale illegal currency operations. This is what the official representative of the Russian Minister, Irina Volk, declared today.

According to her, the criminal structure has participated in removing at least 37 billion rubles (the equivalent of about 500 million euros) from the Russian Federation during 2013-2014.

“Citizens of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Moldova have created an international criminal organization with the purpose of operating large-scale illegal currency operations. The organizers of the illegal actions were holders of Russian Federation citizenship, Vladimir Plahotniuc and Veaceslav Platon,” Volk added.

The information published on the website of the Russian Ministry shows that during the period 2013-2014 the members of the criminal structure, under invented pretexts and with false documents, transferred money from the accounts of the legal entities they controlled in two banks (OAO Bank “Западный” and ОАО “Русский Земельный Банк”) in foreign currency on non-resident accounts BC Moldinconbank SA and other foreign organizations under the pretext of trading the currency.

Altogether, over 37 billion rubles have been removed.

Investigators have been detained by the inhabitant of the Moscow region, Alexandr Korkin.

In April 2017, businessman Veaceslav Platon was sentenced to 18 years in prison in the Republic of Moldova for raider attacks and money laundering.

Moldovan Democratic Party spokesman Vitalie Gamurari told Ziarul de Garda that the allegations made by the Russian Interior Ministry to Vlad Plahotniuc are qualified as an abusive intervention in the parliamentary elections in Moldova.

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Justice

There are figures of the Kroll report and a witness of the prosecution in Filat’s file on the Shor Party list

Some names on the Electoral Electoral List also appear in the report of the British Company Kroll, hired by the Government to investigate the “theft of the century.” Marina Tauber and Reghina Apostolova, for example, were operating in Unibank, one of the bankrupt banks after the fraud happened, and have probably taken loans using the accounts of some banks in Latvia. Both say they have returned the money and have done nothing illegal. Moreover, one of the candidates, Maria Albot, handled the transfer to the accounts of Vlad Filat’s close friends. That is a sum of money that Ilan Shor said that has been extorted by the former prime minister Filat, and later was the witness of the prosecution that file. These are some facts documented by “Civic Initiative reporters for a Clean Parliament” on the candidates of the Shor Party. Full profiles can be read on Moldovacurata.md.

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The head of the party’s list, Ilan Shor, applied for a deputy mandate, even if he has an executive sentence of seven and a half years in one of the two criminal cases opened in his name in connection with fraud in the banking system. This case file was launched on June 22, 2016 for scam in large proportions and money laundering. Subsequently, the court recalculated the act of “causing damage through deception or abuse of trust in particularly great proportions, if the deed is not an appropriation” and money laundering in particularly large proportions. The sentence was challenged by Ilan Shor’s lawyers, and the file is now being examined by the Cahul Court of Appeal. Shor has another criminal case, opened earlier, on May 6, 2015, for serious abuse of office, as chairman of the Bank of Savings Bank Administration (BEM). This file has not yet been finalized by prosecutors.

The most important damage that the State Budget have possibly brought was the accusations of prosecutors in the case of bankruptcy of BEM, the Social Bank and Unibank. To cover the hole formed by the three banks as a result of granting fraudulent loans, the National Bank of Moldova granted state guarantees amounting to 13.34 billion lei, later transformed into state debts. Prosecutors accuse Shore of having stolen about 5 billion lei from the three banks. However, the Chisinau judiciary has established that there is only evidence for evasion worth 2.7 billion lei.

British company Kroll, contracted by the Government to conduct an audit of the bank fraud case, found that the loans offered by the three banks to companies in the so-called Shor group reached the figure of 2.9 billion dollars granted during the period 2012 – 2014. The lending offered has possibly been hidden as corporate loans, being washed through a high-level coordinated process through several bank accounts in Latvia.

Read the profiles of candidates in the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova here.

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This is the Supreme Court’s decision on the request to exclude Ilan Shor from the election campaign

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The Supreme Court of Justice (CSJ) has made the final decision by which Ilan Shor will not be excluded from the electoral race. The decision was taken after Valeriu Munteanu demanded the removal of Shor from the parliamentary race, on the grounds that the Mayor of Orhei used campaign resources and corrupted the voters.

“The Supreme Court did not even want to see the electoral memoirs shared by Ilan Shor, the electoral concerts with Stas Mihailov (Russia’s most expensive estrade singer), nor the administrative resources used. Probably the condemned Shor is still useful, for now … ” Munteanu wrote on his Facebook page.

At the beginning of February, Munteanu published video images in front of Orhei City Hall, filmed by an eyewitness. According to him, on February 1, the “Shor” Party held a meeting with the voters, to which the citizens have received electoral gifts. In this context, Munteanu highlights the violation of electoral legislation, corruption of voters, the use of administrative resources and illicit financial means.

However, the Supreme Court of Justice noted that it was not established by whom, during what period and under what conditions the registration was made. Thus, magistrates from the CSJ state that Munteanu’s appeals contain factual and legal objections, which have already been studied and verified by the appeal court.

Source: ZdG

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