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Resolution on “enhanced relations”, support for Moldova’s territorial integrity registered with the US Congress

20 February 2018- North Carolina’s Representative David Price and Texas’ Peter Olson registered Resolution Nr. 745 in the United States House of Representatives, with reference to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

The resolution titled “Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives with respect to enhanced relations with the Republic of Moldova and support for Moldova’s territorial integrity” acknowledges the “stable and positive relations” between Moldova and US, the need to implement reforms and fight corruption in Moldova, the Association Agreement with the EU, the European aspirations. Moreover, the authors give special attention to Russia’s embargo on Moldovan wine and fruits, as well as Russia’s military and political presence in the Transnistrian region.

The resolution reaffirms the US support for Moldova’s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Moldova, calling on Russia to withdraw its military forces and munitions from within the internationally recognized territory of Moldova but also to refrain from issuing economic threats or exerting pressure against Moldova and to cease any and all actions that support separatist movements within the territory of Moldova.

Interestingly enough, one of the authors of the resolution, Republican Pete Olson, met with the chairman of the Democratic Party of Moldova, Vlad Plahotniuc, less than a month ago:

Picture of US Congressman Peter Olson and Democratic chairman Vlad Plahotniuc, with Moldova’s Parliament Speaker and Deputy PM, Source: Vlad Plahotniuc

According to the given resolution, the US House of Representatives:

(1) reaffirms that it is the policy of the United States to support the sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity of Moldova and the inviolability of its borders by other countries;
(2) supports the Strategic Dialogue as a means to strengthen relations between Moldova and the United States and enhance the democratic, economic, governance, and security reforms already being undertaken by Moldova;
(3) encourages the President, the Secretary of State, and the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, to enhance United States partnerships with the Government, private sector, and civil society of Moldova and to focus United States assistance on supporting reforms that strengthen the justice sector, bolster democratic institutions, promote an open and transparent government, foster indigenous independent media and an open information environment, diversify energy supplies, increase energy security, and promote inclusive economic growth by focusing on the rural areas beyond the capital, enhancing investment opportunities, and increasing trade and job creation;
(4) encourages Moldova to continue implementing crucial reforms to ensure good governance, increase the capacity of and trust in democratic institutions, and strengthen the justice sector through anti-corruption efforts, transparency, tolerance, support for the rule of law, and maintaining open space for civil society to operate;
(5) reaffirms the importance of and support for free, fair, and transparent elections in Moldova;
(6) encourages the President to expedite the implementation of Public Law 113–96, especially for populations in Ukraine and Moldova;
(7) supports efforts to counter disinformation campaigns in Eastern Europe in ways that are consistent with democratic principles;
(8) affirms Moldova’s sovereign right to determine its own partnerships free of external coercion and pressure, and affirms Moldova’s right to associate with the European Union or any regional organization;
(9) calls upon the Government of the Russian Federation to fulfill its commitments made at the Istanbul summit of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in 1999 and to withdraw its military forces and munitions from within the internationally recognized territory of Moldova;
(10) calls upon the Government of the Russian Federation to refrain from issuing economic threats or exerting pressure against Moldova and to cease any and all actions that support separatist movements within the territory of Moldova;
(11) supports a results-oriented 5+2 negotiations process as the only channel for resolving the territorial conflict between the Government of Moldova and the leadership of the Transnistria region;
(12) supports efforts to resolve the Transnistria issue through a comprehensive settlement that secures Moldova’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, while providing a special status for the Trans­nis­tri­an region within Moldova;
(13) urges all parties to refrain from unilateral actions that may undermine efforts to achieve a peace­ful resolution or jeopardize agreements already reached, and encourages leaders of the Transnistrian region and the Moldovan Government to continue negotiations toward a political settlement; and
(14) affirms that lasting stability and security in Moldova is a key priority for the United States and that these can only be achieved if the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Moldova and all other European countries are respected.

World News

Angela Merkel accuses Russia of destabilizing the situation in the Republic of Moldova

German Chancellor Angela Merkel accused Russia of destabilizing the situation in several post-Soviet countries, including the Republic of Moldova.

“Almost all former Soviet republics that are not part of NATO and the EU are confronted with internal conflicts generated by Russia,” IPN referring to dw.com.

Merkel spoke to German military deployed in Lithuania and referred to Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, Moldova, and Azerbaijan. All of these countries are now concerned about the restoration of territorial integrity because Russia has either fragmented parts of their territories or broached internal conflicts, Merkel added.

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World News

Moldova opens Embassy in UAE

10 May 2018- Moldova’s Minister for Foreign Affairs and European Integration, Tudor Ulianovschi, inaugurated the Moldovan Embassy in the United Arab Emirates. The mission is set to become the 41st diplomatic mission of Moldova abroad.

The inauguration ceremony was attended by the UAE State Minister Zaki Anwar Nusseibeh, members of the Moldovan Government, representatives of diplomatic corps accredited in the UAE, business people from Moldova and UAE, as well as the representatives of the Moldovan diaspora.

The diplomatic relations between Moldova and UAE were established on 21 December 1995, having 7 bilateral treaties signed up until now. Moldova exports goods worth 2,47 million USD while importing goods worth 1,89 million USD from the UAE.

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Important

2018 World Press Freedom Index: Moldova down to position 81

2 May 2018- Reporters without Borders (RSF) published their 2018 index of freedom of the press around the world.

The ranking of 2018 places Moldova on the 81st place, 1 position down compared to 2017 (80) with a score of 30,41 (-0,40).

RSF did not change its position on the media ownership and polarization in Moldova:

Moldova’s media are diversified but extremely polarized, like the country itself, which is characterized by chronic instability and the excessive influence of its oligarchs. The editorial line of the leading media outlets correlates closely with the political and business interests of their owners. Journalistic independence and media ownership transparency are major challenges. As media outlets battle with each other in a climate exacerbated by the Ukrainian crisis, the broadcasting regulatory authority’s lack of independence and excesses in the “fight against propaganda” continue to be a source of concern.

Romania was ranked 44th with 23,65 points, Ukraine 101st with 31,16 points, while Russia 148th with 49,96 points.

According to RSF, the freest media can be found in Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands, and Finland. The countries with the worst media freedom ranking are Eritrea, North Korea, and Turkmenistan.

The RSF underlines in its 2018 World Press Freedom Index that the global situation of the press is worsening, especially in Europe:

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