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No changes: 5 years passed after Russia was condemned for violating right to education of children in Transnistria

Source: Facebook.com, Valentin Buda

19 January 2018- Five years passed since the deadline when the Russian Federation had to execute the decision of the European Court for Human Rights in the cases of the children studying in Latin-script schools in Moldova’s Transnistrian region, reports TV8. Accordingly, the human rights NGO “Promo-LEX” says that the children in Transnistria still suffer from Russia’s violations.

On 19 October 2012, the Grand Chamber of the ECtHR condemned Russia for violating the right to education (Article 2, Protocol 1 of ECHR) of children in Transnistria, a breakaway region of Moldova where Russia has nearly direct control of. The Court found that Moldova is responsible for the violations, but also decided that Russia has to pay 1020 thousand euros of moral damage and 50 thousand euros of representation costs to the plaintiffs.

The plaintiffs were citizens of Moldova, residents of the Transnistrian region- primarily parents, teachers, pupils-, who in 2004 and 2006 complained about the violation of the right to education, privacy, and non-discrimination. They were forced to accept education systems imposed by the Russia-backed “Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic” or to leave for Latin script schools instead of the “Moldovan language” (Cyrillic script) ones.

One of the Latin-script schools from Transnistria is the Lyceum “Ștefan cel Mare și Sfânt” from the town of Grigoriopol. Forced to be closed in 2002 by the so-called Transnistrian authorities, the school had to move in the village of Doroțcaia, which is on the territory controlled by the constitutional authorities. There, in Doroțcaia, the pupils could study in Romanian, but then they have to make a daily 20 km trip to and from the school. Promo-LEX estimated that, during the 12 years of study, a pupil travels approximately 43000 kilometers from Grigoriopol to Doroțcaia school, and back. Roughly, a trip from Mozambique to Vladivostok:

Source: Promo-LEX, Salvați Școlile din Transnistria

Until now, 5 promotions of pupils had to go through this trip every day to get to the school.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

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Important

A military helicopter has collapsed in the Transnistrian region

An MI-8 helicopter of the so-called Transdniestrian Air Force has suffered an accident on the territory of the Tiraspol airfield. The accident occurred on September 20, and three people were on board. The helicopter is totally destroyed, and nothing about the fate of passengers is known, says Runway08, a blog about aviation.

On the other hand, in a press release published on the site of the so-called Defense Ministry of the separatist republic, the incident is confirmed, but it is said that the helicopter suffered little mechanical damage, and those on board ended up with light injuries.

According to the separatist authorities, in order to determine the circumstances in which this accident has occurred, an investigation was initiated.

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Reintegration

Russia urged by ECHR to pay 53.000 EUR for the mother of a young man killed in a paramilitary unit in Transnistria

On September 18, the European Court of Human Rights issued a ruling finding that the Russian Federation had violated art. 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights on the right to life after a young man was forcedly assassinated and killed in an illegal paramilitary unit in the Transnistrian region.

Young people who refuse to serve the illegal regime of the so-called “Transnistrian Army” are hunted down and persecuted by the administration of the region, and the Moldovan authorities are indifferent to this problem, which has been repeated for more than 25 years.

According to a Promo-LEX Report, young people who avoid enlisting in the so-called “Transnistrian army” are fined up to 1,700 EUR or get up to 2 years in prison. In the history of Moldova, there is no sentence of condemnation for the forced enlistment of young people in the Transnistrian region.

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Photograph: Anton Polyakov

NB: The armed forces in the Transnistrian region have about 5.000 people (the national army of Moldova has a staff of about 6.000 people), distributed in 4 infantry brigades (Ribnita, Dubasari, Tiraspol and Bender); a special brigade; Battalion of tanks, equipped with 20 fighting machines; 18 missile launch systems of the “Grad” type and less than a 100 pieces of artillery.

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Reintegration

500 military students, including minors, trained by Transnistrian soldiers in the Security Zone

During the hearing of the Moldovan Joint Control Commission (September 13) on the Situation in the Security Zone, the Moldovan delegation called for explanations regarding the military actions organized on 7-9 September by the military structures of Tiraspol near the Mereneşti locality, in the southern sector of the Security Zone.

About 500 military students, including minors: Cadets and Suvorovists who, under the guidance of the Transnistrian soldiers, attended a training course with the use of military equipment. Such incidents occurred simultaneously at the bridges over the river Nistru Gura Bâcului – Baciuc and Rezina – Ribnita.

These are some of the many waves of abuse committed by Tiraspol, that violate the right to free movement in the Security Zone and prove the importance of ensuring security and free movement in the Security Zone by the peacekeeping contingent jointly with Police and the so-called Russian “militia”.

Discussions on the subject will be continued at the next JCC meeting scheduled for 20 September 2018.

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