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ECtHR: Russia found guilty of violating rights to property, remedy of 1646 landowners and 3 companies in Transnistria, Moldova

17 July 2018- The European Court of Human Rights found that the Russian Federation is guilty of violating the right to property (Art. 13 of the ECHR) and the right to a remedy (Art.1 of Protocol 1 to the ECHR) of 1646 landowners and 3 companies from Dubăsari district, situated left of Nistru river but under the control of constitutional authorities.

The case concerned complaints by 1,646 individual Moldovan applicants and three companies that
they had not been able to access land in the separatist region of the “Moldovan Transdniestrian
Republic” (“the MRT”) or had suffered other restrictions.
The Court found in particular that there had been no legal basis for the “MRT” to deprive the
applicants of access to their land and there had been a violation of their property rights. Given
Russia’s effective control over “the MRT”, it had to take responsibility for the violations the
applicants had suffered. For its part, Moldova had fulfilled its duty to help the applicants by
negotiating their access to the land and granting them compensation for losses.

The landowners live in five villages on the left bank of the River Dniester and are under Moldovan control. They own land which is on the other side of a road which has been claimed by “Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic” (“PMR”) as its territory.
They worked the land without hindrance between 1992 and 1998, when “the Transnistrian authorities” set up “border” checkpoints and the applicants had to pay various taxes and fees. In 2004 “PMR” declared that the land in question was its property and demanded rent from the applicants. Since 2006, a special land ownership agreement is concluded every year between Chișinău constitutional authorities and the separatist authorities from Tiraspol to allow the farmers work and rent their lands.

The Moldovan authorities were not found guilty in the case because of their attempts since 2006 to compensate the individual landowners and landowning companies while attempting to claim jurisdiction over the left bank territory- Transnistria.

The Court held that Russia was to pay each individual applicant 1500 euros in respect of nonpecuniary
damage, except for three applicants who withdrew their applications. It awarded 115300 euros to Agro-Tiras S.R.L., 80500 euros to Agro-S.A.V.V.A. S.R.L. in respect of pecuniary damage and 50000 euros under the same head to Posedo-Agro S.R.L., to be paid to its successor, Serghei Popa FP. It also awarded each applicant company EUR 5,000 in respect of nonpecuniary damage.
It also ordered that Russia was to pay the costs and expenses of 20000 euros for all the applicants.

But Russia is known for not having paid nearly anything for the victims of this kind of “Transnistrian cases”.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]


Russia urged by ECHR to pay 53.000 EUR for the mother of a young man killed in a paramilitary unit in Transnistria

On September 18, the European Court of Human Rights issued a ruling finding that the Russian Federation had violated art. 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights on the right to life after a young man was forcedly assassinated and killed in an illegal paramilitary unit in the Transnistrian region.

Young people who refuse to serve the illegal regime of the so-called “Transnistrian Army” are hunted down and persecuted by the administration of the region, and the Moldovan authorities are indifferent to this problem, which has been repeated for more than 25 years.

According to a Promo-LEX Report, young people who avoid enlisting in the so-called “Transnistrian army” are fined up to 1,700 EUR or get up to 2 years in prison. In the history of Moldova, there is no sentence of condemnation for the forced enlistment of young people in the Transnistrian region.

Related image

Photograph: Anton Polyakov

NB: The armed forces in the Transnistrian region have about 5.000 people (the national army of Moldova has a staff of about 6.000 people), distributed in 4 infantry brigades (Ribnita, Dubasari, Tiraspol and Bender); a special brigade; Battalion of tanks, equipped with 20 fighting machines; 18 missile launch systems of the “Grad” type and less than a 100 pieces of artillery.

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500 military students, including minors, trained by Transnistrian soldiers in the Security Zone

During the hearing of the Moldovan Joint Control Commission (September 13) on the Situation in the Security Zone, the Moldovan delegation called for explanations regarding the military actions organized on 7-9 September by the military structures of Tiraspol near the Mereneşti locality, in the southern sector of the Security Zone.

About 500 military students, including minors: Cadets and Suvorovists who, under the guidance of the Transnistrian soldiers, attended a training course with the use of military equipment. Such incidents occurred simultaneously at the bridges over the river Nistru Gura Bâcului – Baciuc and Rezina – Ribnita.

These are some of the many waves of abuse committed by Tiraspol, that violate the right to free movement in the Security Zone and prove the importance of ensuring security and free movement in the Security Zone by the peacekeeping contingent jointly with Police and the so-called Russian “militia”.

Discussions on the subject will be continued at the next JCC meeting scheduled for 20 September 2018.

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Dodon refuses to admit that “Crimea belongs to Ukraine”

After being invited to the “Puterea a patra (tr. Fourth Power)” show on N4 television, Dodon refused to firmly answer the moderator’s questions regarding the territorial integrity of Ukraine.

“In the 27 years of independence of the Republic of Moldova, the leadership of our country recognized the territorial integrity of the neighboring state, and nothing has changed”, declared Dodon.

At the insistence of the moderator, who asked “Which country should Crimea belong to?”, Dodon refused to answer, saying only that “it has already been exposed”.

A similar situation happened in October 2016, during the RTR-Moldova electoral debates, where, asked the same question, Igor Dodon answered that “Crimea belongs to the Russian Federation”, after which refused to unveil the subject.

Reminder: In late August, at a meeting with representatives of the Ukrainian diplomatic corps, President Poroshenko said he accepts a talk only if Igor Dodon supports the territorial integrity of the Ukrainian state.

Source: Deschide.MD

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