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Reintegration

Chișinău to propose a “Vision” on the future “autonomous” status of Transnistria within Moldova

The Government of Moldova apparently has a plan for political reintegration of the breakaway Transnistria. At least, this what Vladimir Soloviev writes at Kommersant.

According to Soloviev, four sources communicated him that Chișinău elaborated a clear white paper, a so-called “Vision”, on the future status of the separatist entity within the Republic. The 8 and a half pages plan contain stipulations regarding the Russian military presence in the region, the military peacekeeping mission, the autonomous status of Transnistria and its official languages.

The white paper was reportedly written by the head of the Institute for Development and Social Initiatives (IDIS “Viitorul”) and ex-Ambassador to the US, Igor Munteanu, and the Romanian political scientist Iulian Chifu, who has worked as national security adviser to Romania ex-President Băsescu. At the same time, the text of the paper was edited by the Vice-Premier for Reintegration, George Balan, and Foreign Ministry’s representative in special cases, Ion Stavila. The paper was ready at the end of summer 2017 and might even be presented before the next Ministerial Council of the OSCE, taking place during December 7-8 in Vienna.

The document reportedly begins with the acknowledgment of the necessity to withdraw the Russian military troops (probably the Operative Group of Russian Troops) from the territory of Moldova. The withdrawal is seen as natural by Chișinău because Russia committed to finalizing it before 2003 at the 1999 OSCE Istambul Summit.

In addition, the paper underlines the importance of transforming the current trilateral (Moldova-Russia-Transnistria) peacekeeping mission into a multi-national civil one.

A completely new approach to reintegrating Transnistria regards the provisions on the official languages to be established in Transnistria. Besides the Russian and Ukrainian official languages, Chișinău would like to replace the “Moldovan language” (Cyrillic script) with the Romanian language. This aspect might raise questions not only in Transnistria but also on the right bank. The Socialist and Communist MPs in Chișinpu are currently blocking a ruling of Constitutional Court to make Romanian an official language- as it is in Moldova’s declaration of independence.

More important, the “Vision” paper offers an autonomous status to Transnistria, a status similar to that of Gagauzia established in 1994 by an organic law. Specifically, Transnistria would keep its constitution, leader of the region, parliament, and government, but would not be able to pass laws, just normative acts.

The interlocutors of the Kommersant reporter, however, believe Chișinău will not offer everything in the first place, but would rather start from “timid positions”.

This “Vision” is said to be the first real written plan of the constitutional authorities of Moldova on Transnistria’s future status. In 2003, a Russia-backed plan often called Kozak Memorandum was rejected in the last moments by the Moldovan then-President Vladimir Voronin, who encountered the large opposition of the majority of the population to a plan federalizing the Republic and giving equal rights to Transnistria in foreign policymaking.

President Igor Dodon was first to react to the reports about the “Vision”, claiming it does not correspond to the approaches to solving the Transnistrian political conflict:

“We elaborated our vision, whose basis was: the preservation, consolidation and international recognition of the permanent status of neutrality of Moldova, the right to self-determination in case of Moldova losing its statehood”, declared Dodon for RIA Novosti. President’s plan might emerge from that of his Socialists’ Party, who wanted a federalized Moldova to include Gagauzia and Transnistria on an equal basis.

The recent 5+2 talks in Vienna apparently did not include negotiations on the political status of the Transnistrian region within the Republic of Moldova.

The recent IRI poll results indicate that the majority, 70%, of Moldovans see Transnistria as an ordinary part of Moldova without having any autonomous status:

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

Reintegration

Russia urged by ECHR to pay 53.000 EUR for the mother of a young man killed in a paramilitary unit in Transnistria

On September 18, the European Court of Human Rights issued a ruling finding that the Russian Federation had violated art. 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights on the right to life after a young man was forcedly assassinated and killed in an illegal paramilitary unit in the Transnistrian region.

Young people who refuse to serve the illegal regime of the so-called “Transnistrian Army” are hunted down and persecuted by the administration of the region, and the Moldovan authorities are indifferent to this problem, which has been repeated for more than 25 years.

According to a Promo-LEX Report, young people who avoid enlisting in the so-called “Transnistrian army” are fined up to 1,700 EUR or get up to 2 years in prison. In the history of Moldova, there is no sentence of condemnation for the forced enlistment of young people in the Transnistrian region.

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Photograph: Anton Polyakov

NB: The armed forces in the Transnistrian region have about 5.000 people (the national army of Moldova has a staff of about 6.000 people), distributed in 4 infantry brigades (Ribnita, Dubasari, Tiraspol and Bender); a special brigade; Battalion of tanks, equipped with 20 fighting machines; 18 missile launch systems of the “Grad” type and less than a 100 pieces of artillery.

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Reintegration

500 military students, including minors, trained by Transnistrian soldiers in the Security Zone

During the hearing of the Moldovan Joint Control Commission (September 13) on the Situation in the Security Zone, the Moldovan delegation called for explanations regarding the military actions organized on 7-9 September by the military structures of Tiraspol near the Mereneşti locality, in the southern sector of the Security Zone.

About 500 military students, including minors: Cadets and Suvorovists who, under the guidance of the Transnistrian soldiers, attended a training course with the use of military equipment. Such incidents occurred simultaneously at the bridges over the river Nistru Gura Bâcului – Baciuc and Rezina – Ribnita.

These are some of the many waves of abuse committed by Tiraspol, that violate the right to free movement in the Security Zone and prove the importance of ensuring security and free movement in the Security Zone by the peacekeeping contingent jointly with Police and the so-called Russian “militia”.

Discussions on the subject will be continued at the next JCC meeting scheduled for 20 September 2018.

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Politics

Dodon refuses to admit that “Crimea belongs to Ukraine”

After being invited to the “Puterea a patra (tr. Fourth Power)” show on N4 television, Dodon refused to firmly answer the moderator’s questions regarding the territorial integrity of Ukraine.

“In the 27 years of independence of the Republic of Moldova, the leadership of our country recognized the territorial integrity of the neighboring state, and nothing has changed”, declared Dodon.

At the insistence of the moderator, who asked “Which country should Crimea belong to?”, Dodon refused to answer, saying only that “it has already been exposed”.

A similar situation happened in October 2016, during the RTR-Moldova electoral debates, where, asked the same question, Igor Dodon answered that “Crimea belongs to the Russian Federation”, after which refused to unveil the subject.

Reminder: In late August, at a meeting with representatives of the Ukrainian diplomatic corps, President Poroshenko said he accepts a talk only if Igor Dodon supports the territorial integrity of the Ukrainian state.

Source: Deschide.MD

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