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Report: Use of Latin script for the “Moldovan language” is punished with €50 fines in Transnistria

The use of the Latin alphabet for “Moldovan language” can be punished with a fine of over €50 in Transnistria, reads a Promo-LEX report, which shows that no improvements have been made in the first half of this year on the human rights situation on the left bank of the Nistru river.

€50 fine for using the Latin alphabet

The right to education has numerous restrictions in the region, especially when it comes to the Latin writing. Thus, the simple use of the Latin alphabet for “Moldovan” language can be punished with a fine of over €50. In the case of the “Evrica” Lyceum in Ribnita, the institution is obliged to pay more than €30,000 for renting the space, annually.

Thousands of farmers  cannot get their land back for 13 years

The inhabitants of the Dubasari district have been left without their agricultural land for 13 years, while the so-called Transnistrian administration has leased these lands to local economic agents. The problem is growing when it becomes known that these lands have an area of about 6,500 hectares – almost half of the territory of this district.

Authorities have no tangible results

Although President Igor Dodon seems to have established a friendly relationship with representatives of the Tiraspol regime following meetings with Putin and other officials in the Kremlin administration, no concrete approaches have emerged. For their part, officials from the Reintegration Bureau, after about 50 meetings with foreign partners, have not established any effective mechanism for observing or ensuring human rights in the region.

Moreover, in the first half of 2017, the European Court issued four judgments in the case of the rights of the inhabitants of the left bank of the Nistru river, which forced Russia to pay victims over €200,000. On the other hand, following the ruling of the Constitutional Court, which declared illegal troops and military bases stationed on the territory of Moldova, Tiraspol made available mechanisms for the Russian soldiers to obtain citizenship of the self-proclaimed republic.

According to Promo-LEX, “the rulings need to be promoted more intensely by the relevant institutions so that effective methods of observing and defending human rights in the Transnistrian region are found.” Otherwise, the situation in which the those who need help are discouraged from asking for it, and those guilty of committing violations are not held accountable.

However, violations found could be remedied more quickly if international organizations (the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the European Union) put pressure on the regional administration in the defense of the journalists, NGOs, and lawyers. As a result, experts could come up with clear and good solutions for guaranteeing human rights in the Transnistrian region.

Important

2018 World Press Freedom Index: Moldova down to position 81

2 May 2018- Reporters without Borders (RSF) published their 2018 index of freedom of the press around the world.

The ranking of 2018 places Moldova on the 81st place, 1 position down compared to 2017 (80) with a score of 30,41 (-0,40).

RSF did not change its position on the media ownership and polarization in Moldova:

Moldova’s media are diversified but extremely polarized, like the country itself, which is characterized by chronic instability and the excessive influence of its oligarchs. The editorial line of the leading media outlets correlates closely with the political and business interests of their owners. Journalistic independence and media ownership transparency are major challenges. As media outlets battle with each other in a climate exacerbated by the Ukrainian crisis, the broadcasting regulatory authority’s lack of independence and excesses in the “fight against propaganda” continue to be a source of concern.

Romania was ranked 44th with 23,65 points, Ukraine 101st with 31,16 points, while Russia 148th with 49,96 points.

According to RSF, the freest media can be found in Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands, and Finland. The countries with the worst media freedom ranking are Eritrea, North Korea, and Turkmenistan.

The RSF underlines in its 2018 World Press Freedom Index that the global situation of the press is worsening, especially in Europe:

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The entry procedure on the left bank of the Nistru River will be simplified

The leader of the self-proclaimed Transnistria, Vadim Krasnoselski, signed an order establishing simplified control procedures at the entrance to the region. The decision comes in the context of winter holidays. The simplified procedures will be valid for the period December 30 – January 15, IPN reports on the regional press.

Krasnoselski also wanted to temporarily open additional ways of crossing the means of transport with passengers through the following points: Valea Adâncă-Zagnitkov, Ploti-Krutîe, Vinogradnoe-Novîi Butorî, Gruşca-Nemirovka, Krasnî Oktiabri-Vetrujeni, Raşcov-Vadul -Rascov, Ţîbulevka-Ţehanovka, Teia-Calfa.

Passengers, citizens of Ukraine and of the Republic of Moldova, will present the identity document or the document confirming the residence visa in one of the neighboring localities. Also, at all checkpoints, a simplified regime of goods verification will be applied during this period, except for those that are forbidden in the Transnistrian region.

Source: IPN

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Chișinău and Tiraspol sign protocols to solve issues of Latin script schools, telecommunication, diploma recognition and land ownership

On November 25th, the political negotiators of the Republic of Moldova and the separatist Transnistrian administration met in Bender to discuss technical issues ahead of the upcoming 5+2 negotiations in Vienna.

Accompanied by 5+2 mediators and observers, Reintegration Minister George Balan and the so-called “foreign minister” Vitalyi Ignatiev signed 4 protocols elaborated at the expert groups level. The protocols focus on 4 key issues:

  • Recognition of diplomas issued by education institutions in the Transnistrian region– the parties agreed to Chișinău accepting (apostillation) a neutral diploma issued in Transnistria;
  • Elimination of barriers in the telecommunication domain- establishing a direct connection of fixed and the mobile telephone network, as well as internet, after the negotiations between operators on both banks of Nistru river;
  • Elimination of barriers to the functioning of Romanian language (Latin script) schools in Transnistria- setting minimal rent and utility prices for the buildings rented out to these schools, setting 10 years as the minimal rent period for the buildings, providing the adjacent lands in use to the schools, providing conditions for free movement of teachers and pupils of these schools, but also the needed materials for their functioning;
  • Allowing farmers to use their lands across Tiraspol-Camenca road in Dubăsari district- applying the “2006 Mechanism” of distributing the lands to those persons owning them initially, stopping the use of lands by Transnistrian firms or persons (2014 distribution), stopping the penal cases against the latter by Chișinău.

Solutions to these problems are expected to be delivered by the joint expert groups.

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