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New 5+2 negotiations might take place this November



On October 30th, the Prime-Minister of Moldova, Pavel Filip, met with representatives of the mediator and observer states/institutions from the 5+2 dialogue on the Transnistrian conflict settlement. The parties reportedly discussed the latest developments in the 5+2 format before the OSCE Ministerial Council in Vienna.

Moreover, the Moldovan government officials together with the mediators and the observers agreed that there are real premises for a possible 5+2 meeting until the end of November. The respective premises are the upcoming opening of the bridge over Nistru at Gura Bîcului, the progress on the recognition of Transnistrian diplomas, but also the development of the bilateral dialogue on the registration of Transnistrian vehicles, the telephone connection, and the goods transportation via railways.

Nevertheless, there are still topics of high priority on the agenda for the 5+2 negotiations: the well-functioning of the Latin script schools, the access of farmers from Dubăsari district to their lands situated across Tiraspol-Râbnița road, and the elimination of obstacles in the way of free movement of people, goods and services between the two banks.

Gura Bîcului-Bîcioc bridge is expected to be totally demilitarized

Gura Bîcului-Bîcioc bridge is expected to be totally demilitarized

5+2 negotiations regard the talks on the conflict resolution between the separatist authorities of the Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic and the constitutional authorities of the Republic of Moldova, together with the OSCE, Russia, and Ukraine as mediators, and the EU and the US as observers.

The latest round of the 5+2 talks was held in Bavaria in July 2016.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy.


Russian Presidential elections: 96,4% of votes for Putin in Transnistria



19 March 2018- The Russian President, Vladimir Putin, won 96,4% of the votes cast in Moldova’s breakaway region, Transnistria, during the Presidential elections.

According to Novostipmr, the regional electoral commission reported a turnout of 73947 voters at the 24 voting centres, a higher turnout compared to 2012 (50368 voters) and Duma elections in 2016 (55693). Monitored by 87 observers, the electoral process reportedly did not raise any complaints.

The Transnistrian “president” Vadim Krasnoselski, the head of the Supreme Soviet Alexandr Scherba and the first Transnistrian “president” Igor Smirnov took part in the elections on 18 March.

“President” Vadim Krasnoseski casting the ballot

Krasnoselski in front of the local press

Alexandr Scherba

Igor Smirnov

There are around 180 thousand people holding Russian citizenship and living in the Transnistrian region. Individuals from Transnistria can receive the Russian citizenship by proving that they or their close relatives lived in the Soviet Union, the legal predecessor of the Russian Federation.

Photos source: Centrul de studiere a consecințelor conflictului transnistrean

Note: will publish later the results from all voting centres from Moldova.

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26 years since the start of the Transnistrian war



2 March 2018- The Republic of Moldova commemorates the start of the armed conflict in the Eastern region, so-called Transnistria. It is an occasion to commemorate those who fought and died in the armed conflict for defending the integrity and the independence of Moldova against the Russia-backed separatist forces.

On March 2, 1992, the first Moldovan President Mircea Snegur authorized the attack on the separatist groups from Transnistria who were backed by the former 14th Soviet Army, taken under the control of Russia at that moment. On the same date, Moldova was admitted in the United Nations.


As Moldova didn’t have armed forces at that time, the legal authorities used the police and volunteers to fight the Transnistrian Guard and cossacks residing in Dubăsari, Bender and Tiraspol.

Around 29000 people participated in the armed conflict and some estimate that 287 died. The war ended on 21 July 1992, when Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Moldovan President Mircea Snegur signed the ceasefire, the so-called agreement on the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict.

The Transnistrian war is now often referred to as the war for defending the independence and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova.

A political solution to the Transnistrian conflict was never achieved since 1992. The so-called Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic still relies heavily on Russian financial aid, Russian market and natural gas from an economic point of view, and on Russian peace-keepers and the illegally stationed Operative Troops of Russia from the military point of view.

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Tiraspol intends to build a “customs terminal” next to the Gura Bîcului-Bîcioc bridge



22 February 2018- The separatist administration from Tiraspol again disagreed to discuss the issue of concentration of armed forces and border infrastructure next to the Gura Bîcului-Bîcioc bridge.

According to a press-release of the Moldovan delegation, the Transnistrian delegation rejected the proposal of the Russian representatives to the Joint Control Commission (JCC) on abstaining from unilateral actions of modifying infrastructure and the nominal quantity of force structures in the area adjacent to the Gura Bîcului-Bîcioc bridge.

In a declaration to the JCC, the Moldovan delegation is describing the deployed infrastructure and armed forces of Tiraspol to the newly opened bridge:

“…in the night preceding 17 November 2017, at the entrance of the bridge from Bîcioc, the force structure of Transnistria unilaterally installed a new control checkpoint with the respective infrastructure: three wagons for the personnel, two modules with the inscription “Migration Service”, barriers as gates. From that day on, around 5 workers of the “border forces”, 2 “customs officers” and 2 representatives of the “migration service” are working there”, reads the statement, which accuses the Transnistrians of provoking the situation in the Security Area.

The Moldovan delegation, led by Ivan Solonenko, believes that the real intention of the Tiraspol regime is installing a fully-fledged “border customs terminal” without informing the JCC and by violating the inviolability of the Security Area. In conclusion, representatives of Chișinău are calling on the guarantors and mediators of the peacekeeping process on Nistru river to apply pressure on the Transnistrians to refrain from unilateral and not agreed upon actions with unpredictable consequences.

The call of the Moldovans was reportedly supported by the co-chairman of the JCC, Ilya Uvarov, that repeatedly called to identify solutions for fully reopening the bridge over Nistru.

In the Transnistrian press, Tiraspol’s representative declared that the dialogue within the JCC is “constructive” and that the situation in the Security Area “stays stable and manageable”.

The next meeting of the JCC is delayed for 1 March 2018.

Reopened only in November 2017, Gura Bîcului-Bîcioc bridge over Nistru river was blown up by the Transnistrian separatist forces in 1992, then reconstructed in 2000 with the European financial support (30 million lei), but could not be inaugurated due to political misunderstandings between Chișinău and Tiraspol.

The bridge is currently in the competence of the Joint Control Commission, who controls the peacekeeping troops in the neighbouring area.

In the opening protocol, Chișinău and Tiraspol committed to not use Gura Bîcului-Bîcioc bridge for military goals and offered the Joint Control Commission the authority to open the bridge. However, it appears that the separatist authorities ignore the principle of free movement of people and goods between the two banks. The Transnistrian authorities apparently already activated a customs control checkpoint in Bîcioc which most probably obstructs the free movement. Krasnoselsky himself with his prime-minister Alexandr Martynov visited the checkpoint after the inauguration of the bridge.

Note: The Joint Control Commission ( Russian: Объединенная контрольная комиссия – ОКК, Romanian- Comisia Unificată de Control) is a trilateral peacekeeping force and joint military command structure from Moldova, Transnistria, and Russia, which operates in a buffer zone on the border between the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine.

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