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The “European aspirations” now getting closer to being included in the Moldovan Constitution

The Government of Moldova endorsed the legislative initiative for completing the Constitution by highlighting the European integration aspirations of the country and promoting the orientation of the Republic of Moldova towards the European democratic values.

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On 30 January 2018, the Parliamentary Committee on National Security, Defense and Public Order has examined and endorsed the draft of the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova with the provisions establishing the European integration vector. However, Igor Dodon calls it an “act contrary to the will of the people” and announces that, as President of the country, he will block the realization of this initiative “using all legal means for this purpose”.

Moldova’s relations with the European Union were launched with the signing on 28 November 1994 of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement.

Subsequently, the National Program for Implementation of the Republic of Moldova – European Union Action Plan on the liberalization of the visa regime was approved. On June 28, 2014, the Association Agreement with the European Union was signed.

The procedure for accession of the Republic of Moldova to the constituent treaties of the European Union will be determined by the Parliament by the organic law.

The themes for drafting and promoting the draft law constituted the Constitutional Court’s Decision no. 24 of 9 October 2014.

Politics

Action and Solidarity Party submits complaint to Moldova Constitutional Court on uninominal districts

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The new uninominal districts of Moldova, Source: Government of Moldova, processed by Radio Free Europe Moldova

16 February 2018- The Action and Solidarity Party (PAS), with the help of MP Grigore Cobzac, submitted a complaint to Moldova’s Constitutional Court on the non-constitutionality of Government’s decision on the uninominal electoral circumscriptions (Decision Nr. 970/2017 from 15.11.2017).

According to PAS, the decision violates several articles of the Electoral Code and the 239th law from 2008 on the transparency in decision-making. PAS thinks that the formed uninominal districts violated the limits of 55-60 thousand voters per one district. Only 10 districts, all situated in Chișinău, follow the rule. In addition, the maximum deviation of 10% in voting population was violated in some cases.

The party led by Maia Sandu also found a violation at the formation of the circumscriptions for the voters living abroad- the districts were simply approved by the commission members.

In addition, 9 Chișinău districts were formed in the 5 official quarters by dividing them contrary to a condition of non-division of 1st level administrative units.

Putting localities from different (at least 2) administrative districts was exceedingly used as an exception, contrary to the general rule of keeping localities within the same administrative borders.

In regard to the transparency, PAS is accusing the Government of adopting the format of the uninominal districts without organizing consultations or hearings with the civil society.

PAS asks the Constitutional Court to examine the non-constitutionality of the uninominal circumscriptions because of its violation of the “rule of law” principles, written in the 3rd paragraph of the 1st article of Moldova’s Constitution.

According to the new electoral system, 51 MPs would be elected from electoral districts and 50 from party lists. The current edition of the electoral law also stipulates that the electoral districts would be formed by a special Government commission, composed of civil society and political parties’ representatives, as well as representatives of ethnic minorities and expert bodies. The shape of the electoral districts would be published one year before the elections. Voters from Transnistria and from abroad would be represented on the geographical basis, besides their electoral “weight”. 7 electoral debates have been organized to debate the draft on the mixed electoral system, but a large part of the civil society and all opposition parties refused to participate and had little involvement stating that the new system does not address the real problems of the electoral process. The Venice Commission strongly advised the Moldovan authorities not to implement the mixed electoral system at the current moment. The European Union and the United States were disappointed by Moldova Parliament’s decision to disregard Venice Commission, ODIHR recommendations.

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Politics

Dorin Chirtoacă resigns from the position of Chișinău mayor

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Source: privesc.eu

16 February 2018- Dorin Chirtoacă resigned from the position of mayor of Moldova’s capital, Chișinău. Chirtoacă believes that the Chișinău local elections should be held in May 2018.

The Liberal declared that his resignation is a sign of protest against the current government. He says that he received the mandate from the citizens, and not “from Plahotniuc, Dodon, Leancă or from this band”.

The interim mayor, Silvia Radu, welcomed Chirtoacă’s resignation, saying that her job is only a temporary one.

“I don’t see any solution other than snap elections in Chișinău. The locals of the capital need to have a representative at the mayor’s office: good, bad, smart or not so much, but theirs, not elected by Plahotniuc or others”, said Chirtoacă.

At the same time, he pledges innocent in his case.

Liberal Dorin Chirtoacă has been the mayor of Chișinău since 2007, now doing his third term in office. Chirtoacă has been under house arrest since May 2017, being investigated for traffic influence over the parking lot payroll. On July 28th, he was suspended from the position of mayor of Moldova’s capital until a final decision of the court. At the beginning of September, after the proposal of the Socialists, the Chisinau Municipal Council approved the organization of a plebiscite for the dismissal of the mayor, which would take place on November 19th. The referendum failed due to low turnout.

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Economy

Moldova Socialists submit motion on economic policy

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15 February 2018- The caucus of the Socialists’ Party of Moldova submitted to the Parliament a simple motion against the policy conducted by the Economy and Infrastructure, led by minister Chiril Gaburici. The Socialists are complaining about the “disastrous” economic state of the country.

According to Socialist MP Vasile Bolea, the year of 2017 was a total failure because of the over-taxation and cut capital investment policies.

“The submission of this motion represents our will to call on the minister to participate in a debate to explain the causes for economic disaster, to talk about the state of the national economy, jobs, the cut public investment, about the state enterprises that are sold for small money. The policy is going in the wrong direction and does not represent the interests of the citizens”, declared Bolea.

The motion is reportedly being sent to the Government.

Chiril Gaburici was sworn in as Economy minister at the beginning of January 2018.

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