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EU, US disappointed by Moldova Parliament’s decision to disregard Venice Commission, ODIHR recommendations

On July 21st, EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, together with the Neighborhood Commissioner, Johannes Hahn, issued a joint statement on the change of the electoral system in Moldova adopted on July 20th.

According to Mogherini and Hahn, the electoral system change goes directly counter to the recent recommendations of the Venice Commission and OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights.

The European officials underline that, despite the fact that the change is a sovereign decision of the Moldovan authorities, the electoral system change should have been with a broad consensus among political forces and should follow a genuine consultation of civil society and the recommendations of international partners. Moreover, Hahn and Mogherini stated that the EU continues to monitor the implementation of the new electoral law in the light of the new 100 million euros Macro-Financial Assistance and especially, of the Association Agreement.

The biggest political groups of the Union also reacted to the electoral system change in Moldova. EPP issued a press-release calling the adoption of the mixed system “a disgrace”:

“It is really regretful that 74 members of the parliament chose to strengthen the autocracy of the Democratic Party and the Socialists with its leader Plahotniuc instead of defending the interests of its people”, reads the press-release, mentioning the hasty manner the change was made.

Most seriously, the EPP President, Joseph Daul, argues that the European Commission should stop any funding and re-evaluate the EU-Moldova Association Agreement.

On the other hand, the European Socialists, friends of the Moldovan Democrats, welcomed the adoption of the new system, claiming that it was adopted with a three-quarter majority and includes the most important recommendations of the Venice Commission.

“The reform of the electoral law has been long awaited in Moldova, and it’s very positive news that it was finally adopted by a very strong majority of the Parliament of Moldova, including the ruling majority and the main opposition party”, declared S&D Vice-President Victor Boștineanu, forgetting that the Socialists and the Democrats are not serious enemies when it comes to trying to grip on power together.

The United States Embassy to Moldova also reacted to the adoption of the new system, saying that it is disappointed by the decision of the Parliament to disregard the most important (…) recommendations given by the Venice Commission and ODIHR. The Embassy argues that the modifications put into questions the presumed government’s goal of a democratic and European future for the people of Moldova. Moreover, it states that it will continue to work with all stakeholders, including civil society, to make Moldova’s European future a reality.

According to the new system, 51 MPs would be elected from electoral districts and 50 from party lists. The current draft of the electoral law also stipulates that the electoral districts would be formed by a special Government commission, composed of civil society and political parties’ representatives, as well as representatives of ethnic minorities and expert bodies. The shape of the electoral districts would be published one year before the elections. Voters from Transnistria and from abroad would be represented on geographical basis, beside their electoral “weight”. 7 electoral debates have been organized to debate the draft on the mixed electoral system, but a large part of the civil society and all opposition parties refused to participate and had little involvement stating that the new system does not address the real problems of the electoral process.

The Venice Commission strongly advised the Moldovan authorities not to implement the mixed electoral system at the current moment.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

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President Dodon’s reaction after suspension: Instead of stopping the violations committed by the government, CC gives a green light to their promotion

“I regret that instead of stopping serious violations committed by the government, the Constitutional Court gives the green light to their further promotion. This raises great questions about the professionalism and independence of Court judges.”

“Those in power and the institutions they control simply do not realize the severity of their actions and the consequences that will arise. But, sooner or later, they’ll have to pay for these violations,” declared Dodon on his Facebook page.

President Igor Dodon says that by the decision to suspend him, the Constitutional Court has committed a double illegality and that his attempt to halt a serious violation of the law has been thwarted “by a so-called acting president”.

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The Constitutional Court has decided: Igor Dodon will be suspended from office

Today, the Constitutional Court (CC) of the Republic of Moldova approved the complaint filed by deputies, after Igor Dodon repeatedly refused to appoint two ministers proposed by Vladimir Plahotniuc on September 18th.

According to the president of the CC, Mihai Poalelungi, the circumstance justifying the interim presidential function was ascertained, and the President of the Parliament or the prime minister would issue the decrees for the appointment of the two ministers.

So far, Igor Dodon has been suspended three times because he has repeatedly refused to sign decrees to appoint several ministers proposed by the Democratic Party.

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A group of Democratic Party deputies demanded temporary suspension of President Igor Dodon

President Igor Dodon is on the brink of his fourth temporary suspension after he repeatedly refused to appoint two candidates as ministers.

Today, a group of deputies of the Democratic Party submitted a petition to the Constitutional Court, requesting “a statement of the circumstances justifying the interim president of the Republic of Moldova in order to overcome the constitutional blockade generated by the deliberate refusal to fulfill the constitutional obligation of the appointment of some members of the Government.”

Reminder: Although Prime Minister Pavel Filip declared he will insist on the two candidatures, Igor Dodon refuses to sign the decrees for the appointment of the new ministers proposed by PDM. Dodon said that Silvia Radu, proposed for the position of Minister of Health, would not be a specialist in the given field, and Nicolae Ciubuc, who was promoted to the Minister of Agriculture, would have problems of integrity.

Silvia Radu, proposed as Minister of Health, Labor and Social Protection

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