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Economy

Conditions that the European Union imposed to Moldova before disbursing tranches of €100 million assistance

On 23 November 2017, the Republic of Moldova signed the agreement with the European Union regarding the macro-financial assistance of 100 million euros: 40 million of grants and 60 million as a loan.

The so-called MFA was requested in August 2015 and in March 2016 by the Moldovan authorities. After long debates on the conditionality, the European Parliament, and the EU Council came to an agreement to offer Moldova the macro-financial assistance for 2 years and a half in three tranches, whose disbursement is conditioned by a certain list of criteria. According to the agreement, the European Commission will monitor the progress on key reforms together with the International Monetary Fund.

Technical criteria

Unlocking the first tranche of the macro-financial assistance will require Chișinău to implement 10 reforms in five different domains:

Public sector governance:

  • implementing the new reform strategy of the public administration;
  • ensuring the efficient functioning of the National Agency for Solving Contestations;
  • adopting the law on the state and municipal enterprises with the aim of increasing transparency and responsibility of the latter;
  • adopting the new law of the Court of Accounts and creating a Parliamentary Committee of Public Accounts.

Fight against corruption and money laundering:

  • adopting the law on preventing money laundering and combatting terrorism financing;
  • selection of the president and vice-president of the National Authority of Integrity by the Integrity Council;
  • ensuring the efficient functioning of the Agency for Recovering the Defrauded Goods by the Parliament through sufficient funding and personnel.

Reforms of the energy sector:

  • adopting a new Energy Law with the aim of consolidating the governance and regulation of the energy sector, including the independence of the National Agency for Reglementation in Energetics.

Business climate and DCFTA implementation:

  • implementing measures to reduce the administrative tasks needed to start and manage a business;
  • adopting the new law on the Customs Service.

Respect to multi-party system and the degree of implementation of the recommendations of the Venice Commission

According to ZdG.md, the agreement stipulates that the European Union will also take into the consideration the respect to efficient democratic mechanisms- a multi-party parliamentary system, rule of law, respect for human rights-, but also progress in improving liberal, independent and pluralist governance,  consolidation of the independence of the judiciary system and the implementation of the Association Agreement, including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area. A special focus is drawn upon the fact that the EU Commission and the External Action Service will also particularly monitor how the Moldovan authorities implement recommendations formulated by the Venice Commission and the OSCE/ODIHR in regard to the recent change of the electoral system.

If the Commission gives a negative evaluation to the work of the Moldovan Government, it reserves the right to stop the payment of the tranches until Moldova proves the respect of conditionality.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

Economy

Getting citizenship for investments: is it good or bad?

Granting citizenship to the people having invested into the Moldovan economy is a form of passively capitalizing on Moldova’s status as an internationally recognized country. At the same time, luring investors through international forums and exhibitions, what does have a right to exist, has turned up being not so efficient and may not be viewed as an exclusive tool to interact with and attract foreign investments.

The Moldovan economy goes on feeding on remittances, as the exports – although up 38% (in January-February 2018) – are not capable though to unleash the overgrowth badly needed for the essential improvement of the living standard. Under these circumstances is or is not the program of granting citizenship for investments the panacea, the element able to miraculously boost the economic growth? Certainly, the answer is ‘no.’ The program can yield contingent effects, as raising the amount of direct foreign investment, as a substantial increase of the financial flows to Moldova and implicitly shaping the investment climate so much talked about for so long.

The Economy Ministry assesses an investment flow of about 1.3 bn euros, a difficult thing to assess as the program is launched for the first time and there is no any market response as to the Moldovan passport yet. Still there is a steady demand for such services on the international market: businesspeople having to migrate because of various reasons ask for a second citizenship. For example, according to a study carried out by CS Global Partners in the UK in 2017, about 89% of the British would like having a second citizenship, and about 34% made the effort to find out how such a one may be acquired.

Most countries do have programs of gaining investor visas or citizenship, what’s more these people are sought for in a tough luring competition. If suich countries as the USA, the UK or Switzerland but display the eligibility conditions, in Moldova’s case, this strategy won’t work because of competitive attractiveness of the Moldovan passport compared to the British or American ones, for instance. Hiring a company specialized in providing such services as Henley&Partners is highly increases the chances of attaining the program goals, given Henley&Partners’ experience in providing a wide range of services for potential applicants, but also its massive database of clients and potential applicants.

The risks implied and the critique targeting such programs of gaining citizenship through investments – hinting it’s an illegal scheme of money laundering – are detached from the real context such programs unfold in. First, these services are provided by companies often related to renowned consulting firms, which would incur reputational risks and would be liable to criminal investigation in many countries. Second, gaining one’s citizenship is a public act, your name becomes public what is not proper for “the strategies” used to launder money, which need interposed persons, shell companies and fake identities for short times. Third, as the campaign is going on at the national scale, were it a money laundering scheme, it would have immediately draw the attention of Moldova’s development partners: the USA, the EU, the IMF and other international financial entities.

And last but not least, all the applicants will be checked up by law-enforcing bodies and the Interpol, as the law provides for.

Roman Chircă, director of Market Economy Institute

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Economy

“State secret”: Finance Ministry refuses to publish EU letter “appreciating Moldova’s progress” on €100 mln. pact

22 May 2018- Newsmaker.md was refused by the Finance Ministry to obtain a copy of the letter of the European Commission on the fulfillment of the first 10 priority actions, necessary for disbursement of the €100 million fund.

Signed by Finance Minister Octavian Armașu, the refusal letter explains to Newsmaker that the letter contains information that is subject to the “state secret” protection due to the national security risks of publishing it.

In March 2018, Armașu declared that the letter from the DG ECFIN (European Commission) appreciated the efforts of the Moldovan authorities on the fulfillment of the first 10 (28, in total) conditions from the agreement on the 100 million euros macro-financial assistance.

This “appreciating” letter was then requested by the Chișinău-based Center for Policy and Reforms (CPR Moldova), but the request was refused on the claim that NGOs cannot request information from the state institutions. Now, CPR Moldova is suing the Finance Ministry for violating the access to information laws, suggesting that an NGO is nothing but an association of individuals, which should freely access information of public interest. Moreover, CPR is asking the Ministry to present a copy of the report on the implementation of the first 10 conditions for the disbursement of the first tranche of those 100 million euros.


On 23 November 2017, the Republic of Moldova signed the agreement with the European Union regarding the macro-financial assistance of 100 million euros: 40 million of grants and 60 million as a loan. The so-called MFA was requested in August 2015 and in March 2016 by the Moldovan authorities. After long debates on the conditionality, the European Parliament, and the EU Council came to an agreement to offer Moldova the macro-financial assistance for 2 years and a half in three tranches, whose disbursement is conditioned by a certain list of criteria. According to the agreement, the European Commission will monitor the progress on key reforms together with the International Monetary Fund.

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Economy

Moldova Automotive Days, automotive components and suppliers forum, to take place on 29-30 May

Moldova Automotive Days, the automotive components and suppliers forum, will take place on 29-30 May, at the Tekwill center.

Moldova Automotive Days 2018 is the leading industry event aimed to gather all industry stakeholders, including government, business, multinationals, professionals and academia, to discuss trends and challenges facing the automotive components industry regionally and in the country, set the premises for sustainable entrepreneurship environment to foster sector development and attract investment.

According to the organizers, the Moldovan Government and the Moldovan Investment and Export Promotion Organization, the goal of the event is to develop an international annual platform for national and international stakeholders, public, private entities, international partners and diplomatic staff for promoting the potential of the Moldovan automotive components sector worldwide.

Registration is already open for participating at the Moldova Automotive Days. Check the agenda and list of speakers here.

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