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Justice

Chișinău mayor to stay under domestic arrest for 30 more days

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On September 11th, the Chișinău Court prolonged the domestic arrest of Chișinău’s suspended mayor, Dorin Chirtoacă. Moreover, the court refused the demand of Chirtoacă to participate at the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe that takes place this month in Paris.

The Liberal criticized the decision, stressing out that he would not leave the country:

“If I wanted to leave the Republic of Moldova, I would swim across Prut more than 100 times, but, as a matter of principle, my dignity does not allow me to flee the country. I hope the truth will triumph”, said Chirtoacă.

Dorin Chirtoacă was arrested on May 25th with the charge of influence traffic and passive corruption in a case on city’s parking lots. On July 28th, he was suspended from the position of mayor of Moldova’s capital until a final decision of the court.

In the parking lots case, prosecutors found that the mayor gave orders to the vice-mayor to sign the contract with EME PARKLEITSYSTEM without the approval of the City Council. Moreover, Chirtoacă reportedly approved the urban certificates for the company, contrary to the legislation.

Aside from this, the mayor, together with the head of transportation department and ex-classmate Igor Gamrețchi, asked the company willing to win the public listing for Chișinău’s parking lots to share 26% in the company through a Cyprus-based off-shore company. 13% would go to Chirtoacă, 13%- to Gamrețchi.

Chișinău’s mayor risks a sentence of 3 to 7 years.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

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Justice

Mihai Poalelungi was appointed the judge of the Constitutional Court

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Mihai Poalelungi, the only registered candidate for the position, was appointed as the judge of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova. His candidacy has been approved by the Superior Council of Magistrates.

The position of the judge at the Constitutional Court became vacant after Tudor Panţîru resigned as president and judge in January due to personal reasons.

The Constitutional Court has six judges that are appointed by the Parliament, the Government, and the Superior Council of Magistracy. They may hold office for two terms.

The former head of Moldova’s Supreme Court, Mihai Poalelungi has previously told Ziarul de Garda that he wants to “make better constitutional justice in Moldova”:

 “There is a close link between the subject of my practical work in Strasbourg and the area of constitutional law, and I believe that I will positively contribute to the achievement of a better constitutional justice in Moldova under my appointment to this position”, the magistrate said.

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Economy

US Ambassador: Moldova’s “progress disappointed” in 2017, some laws are “a step back”

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The United States Ambassador to Moldova, James D. Pettit, declared in a TV8 interview that Moldova’s “progress” was disappointing in 2017. According to Pettit, some laws promoted by the Moldovan authorities constituted “a step back for the country”.

“Last years, the international development partners were slightly disappointed with the lack of progress. Recently, (I) have seen different draft laws that were effectively a step back”, declared His Excellency. As dubious and problematic, Pettit mentioned the switch to the new electoral system and the draft law on the “decriminalizing of the economic crimes”, pushed by the Economy Ministry. At the same time, he pointed out that corruption is the problem number one and that Moldova needs structural reforms, not only technical ones.

Ambassador Pettit is not impressed by the 4% economic growth either:

We are happy to have seen economic growth, but I would say that 4% for such a small country like Moldova is a relatively modest achievement”, added the American Ambassador.

Despite the critique brought by the US and EU Ambassadors, the Prime-Minister, Pavel Filip, did not renounce from the draft law on “decriminalizing economic crimes”, claiming that the idea came out of the “discussions with business”.

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Justice

Moldovan prosecutors conducted over 4300 special surveillance operations in 2017

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The General Prosecution’s Office of Moldova published a short summary of the report on the “special investigation activities” conducted in 2017 by prosecutors.

Within 57313 penal cases, the prosecutors sent 4367 requests authorizing special investigation measures by courts. 50 requests were rejected.

Most frequent “special measures” were:

  • intercepting and recording communication and images- 3142 cases;
  • collecting information from operators of electronic communication services- 803 cases;
  • localizing with technical means such as GPS- 287;
  • researching the domicile and/or placing audio and video recording devices within the domicile buildings- 63;
  • monitoring or control of financial transactions- 12;
  • supervising the domicile through technical means- 10.

In 581 cases, special surveillance actions were authorized directly by the prosecutors:

  • identifying the client, the owner or the user of the communication services- 264 cases;
  • visual surveillance- 151;
  • control of the extorted money or goods transfers- 99;
  • control acquisition- 31;
  • control delivery- 2.

According to the General Prosecutor, the special investigation measures were conducted in investigating “serious, very serious and exceptionally serious crimes”.

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