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Reintegration

“Anti-terror”, scout and battle exercises conducted by Russian troops in Transnistria

At least three military exercises have been conducted in the last six days by the Operative Group of Russian Troops stationed in the breakaway Transnistria- de jure, territory of the Republic of Moldova.

The first battle exercise was reported on June 2nd by the Western Military District of Russia. The Russian soldiers reportedly had to improve their skills of destroying light-armored vehicles, firing means and live resources of the opponent by using АГС-17 «Пламя» grenade-throwers and  «Утёс» big caliber shotguns. Researching fields and distances, hiding and changing firing positions were also exercised. This exercise is expected to last until the end of June.

The second exercise was announced on June 4th by the same military authority. The Operative Troops residing in Transnistria had to train their scouting skills during daytime and nighttime by finding the opposite camps, taking secret documents and new weapons. The drill is allegedly part of the summer training plan.

The third one involved the Russian troops into anti-terrorist operations aimed at stopping terrorist groups from capturing the military base, capturing civilians and military personnel and blow up the base. The exercise reportedly finished with success for the Russian soldiers. According to the press-release, this kind of exercises are regularly conducted to prevent the terrorist acts against the deployed Russian troops of the Operative Group (ОГРВ ПРРМ) and the protected locations.

The Operative Group of Russian Troops (around 1200) are illegally stationed in Transnistria and have no legal basis for their stay, comparing to the Russian peace-keepers working in the buffer Security Area between the separatist-controlled territory and the rest of Moldova. The constitutional authorities of Moldova repeatedly asked Russia to withdraw its troops from Transnistria, in order to comply to the previous agreements and basic international norms.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy.

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Reintegration

Former head of the so-called Customs Committee of Transnistria, sentenced to 10 years in prison

Former head of the so-called Customs Committee in the Transnistrian region, Yuri Ghervaziuk, was sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined 3.5 million Russian Transnistrian rubles ($ 226,000).

According to a Tiraspol city TV channel, Yuri Ghervaziuk was part of the close circle of former Tiraspol administration leader Evgheni Shevchuk.

From 2012 he was mayor of the Bender city, and from March 2015 to December 2016 he headed the so-called Customs Committee. Gervaziuk has organized corruption schemes at the Biohim factory, admitting tax evasion. He was also accused of bribing a customs commission employee to formalize false export of alcohol.

In February 2017, the press wrote that Yuri Ghervaziuk had been kidnapped on the territory of the Republic of Moldova and then taken to Tiraspol. This case has taken place on February 16, on the national route in the Anenii Noi district.

According to an eyewitness, Ghervaziuk’s car had stopped by strangers who wore police uniforms from the Republic of Moldova.

Convinced that the former head of the Transnistrian region is in the car, the individuals beat him, immobilized, and then threw him into the trunk of a car that headed for the Transnistrian region.

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Important

Russian peacekeepers are practicing with the occupation troops (GOTR)

The soldiers of the motorized infantry units of the Russian military contingent of occupation (GOTR) in Transnistria completed the coordination of units for joint actions with the Russian peacekeepers on the left bank of the Dniester River.

According to the West Military District Press Service of the Russian Ministry of Defense, applications have taken place on the GOTR field, specially equipped with peacekeeping posts.

The exercises were aimed at preparing GOTR troops for a possible infiltration of illegal military troops into the Security Zone.

At the same time, a separate objective was to establish an effective collaboration between the peacekeeping troops and the GOTR, in case of exceptional situations in the Security Zone.

The military exercises of the Russian occupation troops along with the Russian peacekeeping contingent and the Transnistrian armed forces have been deploying more and more military applications in recent years. Chisinau protested against the illegal exercises on the left bank of the Dniester River, but the protests of the Moldovan authorities did not prevent the further development of the applications.

Recently, the Republic of Moldova has demanded that the issue of the withdrawal of Russian occupation troops (GOTR) from the left bank of the Dniester River will be debated at the 72th General Assembly of the UN, which has triggered the dissatisfaction of Moscow and Tiraspol.

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Reintegration

Transnistria leader to CoE Human Rights Commissioner: Violations of human rights are practically nonexistent

On October 12th, the Council of Europe’s Human Rights Commissioner, Nils Muiznieks, paid a visit to Moldova’s breakaway region, Transnistria, and had in Tiraspol a discussion with the local president, Vadim Krasnoselsky. The main focus of the talks was obviously the respect for human rights in the region.

Despite several reports of HR violations, Krasnoselsky claimed that violations are almost nonexistent in the so-called Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic:

“In (our) state, everyone is subordinate to the law- from President to the regular citizen,- the cases of human rights violations are practically excluded”, a press release of the presidency quotes Krasnoselsky.

Suspecting that the Chișinău authorities might have told Muiznieks something different, Krasnoselsky invited him to ask questions about any moments concerning the Moldovan party.

In his turn, the Commissioner showed interest towards the situation of human rights in the Transnistrian prisons and about the domestic violence cases. Muiznieks also drew attention to the rights of people with disabilities and the opportunity to involve them in the education system.

Citizens complained over 70 times to the European Court of Human Rights because of human rights violations in the Transnistrian region. The responsibility is often delegated to the Republic of Moldova, who de-jure should control the region, and the Russian Federation, who de-facto has indirect but huge influence in the separatist republic politics and policy-making.

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