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Action and Solidarity Party submits complaint to Moldova Constitutional Court on uninominal districts

The new uninominal districts of Moldova, Source: Government of Moldova, processed by Radio Free Europe Moldova

16 February 2018- The Action and Solidarity Party (PAS), with the help of MP Grigore Cobzac, submitted a complaint to Moldova’s Constitutional Court on the non-constitutionality of Government’s decision on the uninominal electoral circumscriptions (Decision Nr. 970/2017 from 15.11.2017).

According to PAS, the decision violates several articles of the Electoral Code and the 239th law from 2008 on the transparency in decision-making. PAS thinks that the formed uninominal districts violated the limits of 55-60 thousand voters per one district. Only 10 districts, all situated in Chișinău, follow the rule. In addition, the maximum deviation of 10% in voting population was violated in some cases.

The party led by Maia Sandu also found a violation at the formation of the circumscriptions for the voters living abroad- the districts were simply approved by the commission members.

In addition, 9 Chișinău districts were formed in the 5 official quarters by dividing them contrary to a condition of non-division of 1st level administrative units.

Putting localities from different (at least 2) administrative districts was exceedingly used as an exception, contrary to the general rule of keeping localities within the same administrative borders.

In regard to the transparency, PAS is accusing the Government of adopting the format of the uninominal districts without organizing consultations or hearings with the civil society.

PAS asks the Constitutional Court to examine the non-constitutionality of the uninominal circumscriptions because of its violation of the “rule of law” principles, written in the 3rd paragraph of the 1st article of Moldova’s Constitution.

According to the new electoral system, 51 MPs would be elected from electoral districts and 50 from party lists. The current edition of the electoral law also stipulates that the electoral districts would be formed by a special Government commission, composed of civil society and political parties’ representatives, as well as representatives of ethnic minorities and expert bodies. The shape of the electoral districts would be published one year before the elections. Voters from Transnistria and from abroad would be represented on the geographical basis, besides their electoral “weight”. 7 electoral debates have been organized to debate the draft on the mixed electoral system, but a large part of the civil society and all opposition parties refused to participate and had little involvement stating that the new system does not address the real problems of the electoral process. The Venice Commission strongly advised the Moldovan authorities not to implement the mixed electoral system at the current moment. The European Union and the United States were disappointed by Moldova Parliament’s decision to disregard Venice Commission, ODIHR recommendations.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

Politics

James Pettit: The process of European integration is slowing down

Compared to the year 2016, Moldova’s European integration process has recently slowed down. The statement belongs to the US Ambassador to Chisinau, James Pettit. During a show at TVR Moldova television, the diplomat mentioned that a cause of the slowdown may be the fact that the Republic of Moldova is on the verge of parliamentary elections, IPN reports.

The ambassador considers that the biggest challenge in terms of European integration of the Republic of Moldova is corruption, which exists in all areas. At the same time, the diplomat claims that there are several areas that are not working well, including the legal sector that has not made much progress in recent years. As a national tragedy, the ambassador called the migration of the population of the Republic of Moldova.

The Ambassador said that the US is providing training through its programs for judges, lawyers, and civil servants.

“From time to time we have experts in the US or in Europe who can train these officials,” declared Pettit.

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Politics

Former communist deputy – the candidacy of the Government for the position of ambassador of R. Moldova in Switzerland

Oxana Domenti, the communist deputy who, in December 2017, renounced the parliamentary mandate and announced that she left politics, is the candidature of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration (MFAEI) for the position of Moldovan ambassador in the Swiss Confederation.

Today, September 12, her candidacy was approved by the Parliamentary Foreign Policy and European Integration Commission. Moreover, the Ambassador will hold the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Moldova at the UN Office in Geneva.

Pursuant to the Article 10 of the Law on Diplomatic Service, plenipotentiary ambassadors, permanent representatives, envoys and permanent envoys of duty, heads of diplomatic missions – are appointed and recalled by the President of the Republic of Moldova on a Government proposal.

Respectively, the candidacy of Oxana Domenti is to be approved by the members of the Executive, and the appointment decree is to be signed by the president Igor Dodon.

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Justice

Andrian Candu about the 7 expelled Turkish citizens: the case is not related to today’s government in Moldova or Turkey

Photo: Facebook // Nadejda Roșcovanu

Today, Andrian Candu, Parliament Speaker, held a press conference after the parliamentary hearings in the case of the expulsion of 7 Turkish citizens from the country, organized on the platform of the National Security, Defense and Public Order Commission and the Parliamentary Control Committee on the Information and Security Service.

“It should be noted that this subject is complicated. Since 1997-1998, the SIS has overwhelmed terrorism (n.red: referring to the 7 Turkish expelled citizens). In the last 3-4 years, 48 foreign persons are oversight. 18 were declared undesirable and 7 were expelled. They have no connection with whoever is in Moldova or Turkey,” declared Candu among other statements.

According to the official, during the last 4-5 years, there are 60-70 expulsions and this is not a novelty for the authorities.

After completing his speech, Andrian Candu left the conference room without answering the questions of any attending journalists.

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