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Reintegration

26 years since the start of the Transnistrian war

2 March 2018- The Republic of Moldova commemorates the start of the armed conflict in the Eastern region, so-called Transnistria. It is an occasion to commemorate those who fought and died in the armed conflict for defending the integrity and the independence of Moldova against the Russia-backed separatist forces.

On March 2, 1992, the first Moldovan President Mircea Snegur authorized the attack on the separatist groups from Transnistria who were backed by the former 14th Soviet Army, taken under the control of Russia at that moment. On the same date, Moldova was admitted in the United Nations.

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As Moldova didn’t have armed forces at that time, the legal authorities used the police and volunteers to fight the Transnistrian Guard and cossacks residing in Dubăsari, Bender and Tiraspol.

Around 29000 people participated in the armed conflict and some estimate that 287 died. The war ended on 21 July 1992, when Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Moldovan President Mircea Snegur signed the ceasefire, the so-called agreement on the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict.

The Transnistrian war is now often referred to as the war for defending the independence and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova.

A political solution to the Transnistrian conflict was never achieved since 1992. The so-called Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic still relies heavily on Russian financial aid, Russian market and natural gas from an economic point of view, and on Russian peace-keepers and the illegally stationed Operative Troops of Russia from the military point of view.

Currently studying International Relations at the University of Pécs, Hungary. Study focus: Transnistrian conflict settlement, Moldovan statehood, Moldovan democracy. Inquiries at [email protected]

Important

A military helicopter has collapsed in the Transnistrian region

An MI-8 helicopter of the so-called Transdniestrian Air Force has suffered an accident on the territory of the Tiraspol airfield. The accident occurred on September 20, and three people were on board. The helicopter is totally destroyed, and nothing about the fate of passengers is known, says Runway08, a blog about aviation.

On the other hand, in a press release published on the site of the so-called Defense Ministry of the separatist republic, the incident is confirmed, but it is said that the helicopter suffered little mechanical damage, and those on board ended up with light injuries.

According to the separatist authorities, in order to determine the circumstances in which this accident has occurred, an investigation was initiated.

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Reintegration

Russia urged by ECHR to pay 53.000 EUR for the mother of a young man killed in a paramilitary unit in Transnistria

On September 18, the European Court of Human Rights issued a ruling finding that the Russian Federation had violated art. 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights on the right to life after a young man was forcedly assassinated and killed in an illegal paramilitary unit in the Transnistrian region.

Young people who refuse to serve the illegal regime of the so-called “Transnistrian Army” are hunted down and persecuted by the administration of the region, and the Moldovan authorities are indifferent to this problem, which has been repeated for more than 25 years.

According to a Promo-LEX Report, young people who avoid enlisting in the so-called “Transnistrian army” are fined up to 1,700 EUR or get up to 2 years in prison. In the history of Moldova, there is no sentence of condemnation for the forced enlistment of young people in the Transnistrian region.

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Photograph: Anton Polyakov

NB: The armed forces in the Transnistrian region have about 5.000 people (the national army of Moldova has a staff of about 6.000 people), distributed in 4 infantry brigades (Ribnita, Dubasari, Tiraspol and Bender); a special brigade; Battalion of tanks, equipped with 20 fighting machines; 18 missile launch systems of the “Grad” type and less than a 100 pieces of artillery.

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Reintegration

500 military students, including minors, trained by Transnistrian soldiers in the Security Zone

During the hearing of the Moldovan Joint Control Commission (September 13) on the Situation in the Security Zone, the Moldovan delegation called for explanations regarding the military actions organized on 7-9 September by the military structures of Tiraspol near the Mereneşti locality, in the southern sector of the Security Zone.

About 500 military students, including minors: Cadets and Suvorovists who, under the guidance of the Transnistrian soldiers, attended a training course with the use of military equipment. Such incidents occurred simultaneously at the bridges over the river Nistru Gura Bâcului – Baciuc and Rezina – Ribnita.

These are some of the many waves of abuse committed by Tiraspol, that violate the right to free movement in the Security Zone and prove the importance of ensuring security and free movement in the Security Zone by the peacekeeping contingent jointly with Police and the so-called Russian “militia”.

Discussions on the subject will be continued at the next JCC meeting scheduled for 20 September 2018.

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